Religion and community cohesion

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Religion and community cohesion
    • Attitudes towards men and women in the UK
      • How
        • The Qualification of Women Act 1918: Gave women over 31 the right to vote. In 1928 the age was lowered to 21 (the same age as men. Now, all people over 18 can vote
        • The equal pay act 1970: Ensured men and women are paid equally for doing the same jobs
        • The sex discrimination act 1975: Made it illegal  to discriminate against any person because of their gender
      • Why
        • Suffragettes showed that women were no longer prepared to be treated as second class citizens
        • During the First and Second World War, women had to take on many of teh jobs previously done by men and proved they could do them just as well
        • The UN Declaration of Human Rights includes equality for all people no matter race or gender
        • The Labour Governments of 1964-70 and 1974-9 were dedicated to equal rights for women
        • Successful women in business and politics around the world show that women are every bit equal to men
    • Women and Christianity
      • Protestants
        • Evangelical
          • It has always been the tradition that only men are allowed to be priests
          • St Paul taught that women should not speak in church
            • 1 Corinthians 14:34: "Women must remain silent in church, they are not allowed to speak"
          • In the creation story, God made man first.
          • Just as men cannot give birth, women cannot be In Personae Christi
          • Jesus chose men as his apostles, and they did the same with their successors
        • Modern
          • Genesis 1:27: "God created humanity in his own image, male and female, he created them both"
          • Galatians 3:28: "There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ"
          • The early church had a Deacon and Deaconess for 200 years, showing that women could show leadership without consecrating the Eucharist
          • Jesus had female disciples such as Mary and Mary Magdalene. It was they who saw the ressucrction
      • Catholics
        • Men and women should have equal rights in society but they cannot be ordained
        • Jesus was a man and the priest represents Jesus in a Mass
        • All of the Apostles were men
    • The UK as a multi-ethnic society
      • Benefits
        • Society can make better progress sharing innovation and new perspectives on issues
        • People can experience a wider range of cultures and food
        • People gain understanding of other cultures, reducing the chance of racism and war
        • A multi-ethnic society helps people to live and work in a world of multi-national companies and economic Independence between all nations
      • Problems
        • Racially prejudiced employers will not give jobs to certain ethnic groups
        • Prejudiced police officers will discriminate against certain ethnic or religious groups
          • Baltimore riots
        • Can lead to racial tension
    • The Government on community cohesion
      • Making community cohesion part of the national curriculum
      • Passing laws against racism and discrimination (Race relations Act; Racial and Religious Hatred Act)
    • Why Christians should help to promote racial harmony
      • In the Parable of the good Samaritan, Jesus showed that races who hate each other should love each other as neighbours
      • Jesus treated all equally
      • St Peter had a vision from God telling him not to discriminate because God has no favorites
    • The Church and asylum seekers
      • What
        • They give a religious view on the issues to politicians
        • They set up legal advice clinics with lawyers to help people through asylum and immigration
        • They provide home starter kits
        • Some churches set up language classes
        • They support the 'Still Human, Still here' campaign to support the human rights of asylum seekers and immigrants
      • Why
        • The Bible shows God demanding justice for all
        • Christians follow the golden rule
        • 'Love God and thy neighbor'
        • The Parable of the good Samaritan and the Sheep and the Goats
    • Attitude towards other religions
      • Exclusivism
        • Believe only those who follow Jesus and live by his teachings will go to heaven
        • John 14:6: "I am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the father except through me"
      • Inclusivism
        • Believe you should only go to heaven by accepting Jesus, but some from other or no faith can also go to heaven
        • God saved people before Christianity existed. God will save people who lived right lives as if the God the followed had been the right one
      • Pluralist
        • Faithful followers of all religions can be saved and go to heaven. All religious experience comes from God, different cultures follow it in different ways
        • John Hick's mountain Paths: "Each route is mapped out through the cultural, family, and religious experience of their life. Eventually all followers reach the summit" - All religions are looking for the same God
        • Accepting all religions as equally valid and correct and can coexist
    • The UK as a multi-faith society
      • Benefits
        • People can learn about other religions and this can help them to see what religions have in common. For example a belief in God and the existence of morality
        • People may practice their religion more seriously as a result of differing religions
        • People are likely to become more understanding about other religions
        • Make people think more about religion
      • Issues
        • A multi-faith society needs to have laws giving equal rights to all religions
        • Conversion: Attempts by other religions may cause problems as it is discriminaion
        • Bringing up children: May cause problems to do with the child's faith
        • Inter-faith marriage: What religion would the wedding be. Causes some hardline religious believers to feel as if the marriage betrays their religion
    • Ways in which religions work together to promote community cohesion in the UK
      • They find what similarities their religions have
      • Some help with inter-faith marriage
      • Mohandas Ghandhi: "Religions are different roads converging to the same point. What does it matter which road we take, as long as we reach the same goal?"

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Community Cohesion resources »