Reicher and Haslam

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Reicher and Haslam
    • Background
      • Zimbardos experiment
        • Highly unethical
    • Aim
      • If dominant group members will identify with their group from the start and impose power.
      • If subordinate group members will challenge inequalities and identify all together when relations are seen as impermeable.
    • Method
      • Social psychological field study/lab experiment.
      • Independent variables
        • The permeability of group boundaries
          • Promotion - day 3
        • Legitimacy of group divisions
          • Day 6 - told that the guards weren't superiors
      • Dependent vriables
        • Social variables
          • Psychometric tests
        • Video/audio recordings
        • Clinical variables
          • Cortisone levels in mouth swabs
    • Participants and selection
      • 332 reducesd 10 15
      • Leaflts and advertisement
      • 3 stage screening process
        • Afull weekend of assessment by independent clinical psychologists.
        • Psychosymetric tests that measure social and clinical variables
        • Medical and character references were obtained
    • Measurements and considerations
      • Controlled measureements
        • Pure random
      • Sample considerations
        • Ethical reason-Only well adjusted and pro social people inclused
    • Induction procedures
      • Guards
        • 5 participants invited to hotel to sort out of prisoner timetable
        • Given no guidelines and were taught ethically prepared rights
          • They were then shown around the prison and given uniforms
      • Prisoners
        • Arrived one at a time and had head shaved
          • Given a t-shirt with a 3 printed digit on, loose trousers and slimsy flipslops (to remove identity)
            • Given no instructions apart from the prison rules
    • Safeguards
      • British psychological societies approval
      • Clinical, medical and background screening
      • A comprehensive consent form
      • Two independent psychologists monitoring
      • Paramedics constantly on stand by
    • Results
      • Prisoners became more empowered as experiment went on
      • Guards were not a united body
        • Some didn't like the power as they felt unworthy
      • Prisoners decided to test guards (cigette demands, throws food)
      • Self-governing self-discipline commune
      • intro of new member gave hem an alternative path
      • Commune formed- begun to break apart (refusal to work) and lack of leadership
        • Started tyranny
          • Experiment stopped
    • Conclusions
      • Guards failed to develop a shared identity
      • No cognitive alternatives left for the participants - acceptance to authority regime
      • After day 3, prisoners stress levels went down whilst guards went up
      • New regime embraces inequalities
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • High levels of control
        • Lots on ethical safeguards
        • Produces quantitative and qualitative data
        • Untitled
      • Weaknesses
        • Lacks ecological validity
          • Televised
          • Artificial
          • Play up to cameras
          • What the BBC wants
          • Demand characteristics

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Psychology case studies resources »