Reicher and Haslam

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  • Reicher and Haslam
    • Aim
      • Analyse conditions that lead individuals to identify with their group and accept or challenge intergroup inequalities
    • Participants
      • 15 males
        • 5 Guards
        • 10 Prisoners
    • Conclusion
      • Individuals only identify with a group when it makes sense to do so
    • Method
      • Day 3 - A prisoner was promoted to guard
      • Day 6 - They are now told that allocation to groups was random
      • Day 7 - A new prisoner was introduced because of his experience as a trade-union official
      • Daily psychometric testing and swabs of saliva to test for stress
      • Guards had better living quarters, uniforms, superior food, snacks, and extra drinks
      • Prisoners could get snacks of cigarettes as rewards. They had their heads shaved, had a t-shirt trousers and sandals. They were only given the rules.
    • Findings
      • Compliance with rules breakdown after day 5. They then established a self-governing, self disciplining commune.
      • Prisoners had more social identification than the prisoners after they were told that allocation was random

Comments

Izzy Mason

Really helpful summary :)

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