Reforms in Britain 1832-1885

Quick mindmap of the different reforms

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  • Reforms 1832-85
    • 1832
      • Causes
        • Foreign influence e.g. French revolution 1789
        • Revolutionary atmosphere e.g. Peterloo 1819     Swing riots 1830
        • Outdated system- poor seat distribution, over representation, growth of industrialism
        • Middle class were demanding the vote
        • Corrupt system- treating, bribery and violence
        • Party advantage- help the Whigs gain power
      • Continuities
        • Plural voting
        • No payment for MPs
        • No universal suffrage
        • Some rotton boroughs
        • No secret ballot
      • Changes
        • Loss of some rotten boroughs
        • Fairer seat distribution
        • Middle class got the vote
        • More party organisation e.g. reform and carlton club
        • Parties had to campaign for the vote e.g. Tamworth Manifesto 1834 Lichfield Compact 1835
        • Some working class lost the vote
          • Chartism
            • People's Charter
              • No land qualification for MPs
              • Payment for MPs
              • Universal manhood suffrage
              • Secret ballot
              • Annual elections
            • Moral force chartists
              • Francis Place
              • William Lovett
              • Henry Hetherington
            • Physical force chartists
              • Feargus O'Connor
                • Northern Star
                • Chartist MP for Nottingham
                • Land plan
                  • Chartist Land Company- 1845
              • James Stephens
              • George Harney
            • Plug riots- 1842 following bad harvests
            • Newport Rising- 1839
            • Kennington Common- 1848
      • Chartism
        • People's Charter
          • No land qualification for MPs
          • Payment for MPs
          • Universal manhood suffrage
          • Secret ballot
          • Annual elections
        • Moral force chartists
          • Francis Place
          • William Lovett
          • Henry Hetherington
        • Physical force chartists
          • Feargus O'Connor
            • Northern Star
            • Chartist MP for Nottingham
            • Land plan
              • Chartist Land Company- 1845
          • James Stephens
          • George Harney
        • Plug riots- 1842 following bad harvests
        • Newport Rising- 1839
        • Kennington Common- 1848
    • 1867
      • Causes
        • Personal gain
          • Disraeili over Gladstone
            • Adulamites and Disraeli defeated Gladstone's Bill
        • Death of Lord Palmerstone
          • Blocked reforms for Liberals
        • Gladstone wanted to enfranchise skilled artisans
        • Popular pressure
          • NRU and NRL
        • Way of gaining party popularity
      • Changes
        • All male householdersa in boroughs can vote
          • Mostly working class
        • Pendulum politics
        • Emphasis put on social reform e.g. education healthcare
          • Mostly working class
        • More bribery
        • Party organisation improved
          • NLF
          • NUCCA
      • Continuities
        • No universal suffrage
        • Plural voting
        • No reformation of the house of lords and monarchy
        • No payment for MPs
    • 1884/5
      • Causes
        • Liberals wanted to claim their reform title back
        • Liberals thought there was untapped support in counties
        • Unfinished busines- no vote in counties
        • Wanted to unite his party- Liberals were split over Irish Home Rule
      • Salisbury used the Lords to his advantage
      • Changes
        • Miners and rural workers got the vote
        • Rural areas needed to be apppealed to by parties
        • Women suffrage began
        • Liberals split over Irish Home Rule
      • Continuities
        • No universal suffrage
        • Plural voting
        • No payment for MPs
        • Elections aren't annual
  • Some working class lost the vote

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