Reforms to Church and State 1789-91

  • Created by: lilya
  • Created on: 04-01-21 16:14
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  • Reforms to Church and State 1789-91
    • Political
      • Divided into 83 departments for elections and local govt
        • divided into districts (547), cantons (4872) and communes (44,000)
        • more power given to local areas to protect against royal power
      • Right to vote given to 'active citizens' = all men over 25 who paid min 4mill tax
        • those ineligible = passive citizens
      • Judicial: all courts replaced by a uniform system
        • Justice of the Peace in each canton, trial was by Jury
        • torture and mutilation abolished, justice free for all
    • Religious
      • Civil Constitution of the Clergy 12th July 1790
        • Bishops and dioceses reorganised with 83 new departments, all other clerical posts removed
        • appointment to any clerical post by election!
        • many clergy opposed constitution - call for synod denied so they waited pope's judgement
      • All church property became property of state
      • Abuses like pluralism abolished
      • Clergy to be paid by state instead of tithe
      • non educational or charitable monastic orders were supressed
      • Protestants given full civil rights
      • Clerical Oath 27th Nov 1790
        • Deputies forced all clergy to take oath to constitution
        • Pope came out against these Reforms
          • now a significant amount of anti revolutionists
        • The 50%+ who refused to take oath were the REFACTORY CLERGY and removed
    • Economic/social
      • Deputies believed in LAISSEZ FAIRE
      • all internal customs barriers abolished
      • Loi Le Chapelier 1791 - guilds, trade unions and strikes banned
        • benefitted employers, not the poor
      • Deputies saw poor relief as duty of state.. but little was done
        • almost 2mill people begging, lacked finances
      • Assignats introduced to finance state - backed by sale of church land
        • Sale provided income, created interest in revolution, and made clergy state dependent so supprotive
      • June 1790 a law ended hereditary nobility, and parlements abolished Sept 1790
      • Everyone paid tax.    ALL = land and commercial    ACTIVE = moveable


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