Redemption

All these mindmaps are the AQA revision guide condensed further so everything is very condesed and simple 

I printed mine on A3 paper as i found it v difficult to use online and A4 was wayyy too small making the bubbles unreadable 

Beware of the typos I was too lazy to fix them whoops 

Enjoy the revison :)

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  • Redemption
    • How do churches help Catholics to worship?
      • images like stations of the cross = inspire Christians to reflect
      • side chapels are smaller areas where believers can pray in a quiet
      • statues of saints encourage + inspire Christians to follow their examples
      • the decoration of church shows devotion to God
      • alter placed in middle of church = central focus during Mass
      • quiet + peaceful = provide space for individual prayer
    • How did the 2nd Vatican Council change churches ?
      • Before 1965
        • facing east towards Jerusalem, as its where Jesus died + rose again
        • in the shape of a cross = reminder of crucifix
        • alter against the east wall + priest faces his back towards congregation = lacks feeling of involvement
      • After 1965
        • everyone can see and join in with the Mass
        • the alter moved towards the center of the church
    • Lectern
      • reading stand = where bible is read
      • 2 readings given at each Mass
      • Jesus is the Word of God made flesh = Christ is truly present during the readings
      • everyone should be able to see it
    • Crucifix
      • Jesus dead on cross
      • reminds Christians of suffering Jesus went through to save humanity
      • inspires gratitude and love for others
      • gratitude inspired by the crucifix = clearly expressed in the Eucharist
    • Altar
      • place of sacrifice: bread + wine = offered to God
      • bread + wine become Body + Blood of Christ during eucharist
      • Christ = present on the alter
      • the Father strengthens the lives + faith of believes in return to them taking part in the Eucharist
      • Table = sometimes used to represent the Last Supper -  'which will be given up for you'
    • Tabernacle
      • box where the consecrated Bread is kept
      • houses the real presence of Christ
      • inspires a deep sense of peace
      • the consecrated bread can be taken to people who cant get to mass
    • Risen Christ statue / image
      • focuses on Christ the risen glorified Saviour
      • reminds humans that in Communion they recieve the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of the Risen Christ
      • emphasises Jesus'  resurrection
    • Cross
      • without the figure of Christ on it
      • emphasises Jesus' resurrection
      • symbol of victory over sin + death as Christ has resurrected off cross
    • Relationship between free will and sin
      • God made all of creation perfect
      • God gave humans free will because he wants humans to actively choose him
      • humans can use their free will to sin, which rejects the will of God
      • all people are born with the tendency to commit sin = original sin
      • sin has broken the relationship between God and humanity + the whole creation - starting with Adam + Eves's disobediance
      • God sent Jesus to earth to restore the relationship between God and humanity
    • Jesus' death
      • Jesus lived his life in total obedience to the will of God the Father = shown through the sacrifice of his death
      • helped to restore the relationship between God + humans, which was broken by sin
    • Jesus' resurrection
      • destroyed the ultimate power of sin + death, making life after death possible
      • help to restore the harmony of creation
      • when Jesus resurrected those who died before him rose up to heaven with him
      • Jesus, while physically present was also different as Mary didn't recognise him (John 20) - shows redemption changed creation = more perfect
    • Jesus' ascension
      • 40 days after his resurrection, he rose to heaven to be ' seated at the right hand of the father'
      • he helped to restore the cosmic order
      • Jesus is with the Father
      • before Jesus ascended, he promised to send his Spirit to all people
      • before, he told apostles they would be his witnesses 'to the ends of the earth' = disciples were witnesses to Jesus' redeeming work + were to spread his teachings when he was gone, to spread redemption
      • after, angels told apostles he would return in teh future = Jesus will complte redemption of the world at the end of time, defeating sin + death
    • the significance of Jesus' death + burial
      • redeemed humanity through his obedience to God + sacrifice of his death
      • he continued to show his love when he was suffering as he forgave his executioners
      • God id with them even in death
    • Salvation
      • in the Past
        • Jesus' death + resurrection were essential to humanity's salvation
        • Jesus' death + resurrection defeated the ultimate power of sin + death which allows for salvation
      • In the Present
        • ongoing process as salvation still exists
        • people have to resist temptation, guided by the Holy Spirit, to work towards salvation
      • In the Future
        • salvation will be completed at the end of time
        • when kingdom is fully established the power of sin + death will be destroyed
    • Redemption + Salvation in the Liturgy
      • redemption = ongoing as Christ is offered during every Mass
      • during communion Christ enters their lives to give them grace and the strength to resist sin
      • Mass = chance to experience the heavenly banquet = victory celebration that will happen when salvation is complete
    • Jesus as the example, restorer and victor
      • example: Mark 15, Jesus knew his crucifixion would cause him pain but went through it as an example for people to be obedient to follow
      • restorer: Jesus restored relationship between God + humanity, shown by the 'veil' that separated the temple, being torn down
      • victor: by bringing the presence of God into the pain and suffering of Jesus, Jesus was victorious over them
    • St Irenaeus' metaphor of the 'tree'
      • = highlights the parallels between the disobedience of Adam + Eve, creating the need for salvation and Jesus' death helping bring back Salvation
        • Adam + Eve disobeyed God by eating from the tree - Jesus obeyed God by dying on the tree
        • Adam + Eves' rejection of God broke relationship between God + humanity - Jesus' acceptance of God, restored the relationship
        • the tree of the knowledge of good + evil (which they ate from)  brought death, seperating God from humans - the tree of the cross brought life by offering eternal life in heaven to all
      • weakness = not all Christians agree with his interpretation of the story of Adam + Eve
    • St Anselm' comparison of Jesus' death to the idea of paying a ransom in the slave trade
      • in slave trade = a slave could be freed if someone paid a ransom
      • St Anselm said after fall of Adam + Eve, humanity became slaves to sin + only way to atone this was by showing total obedience to God
      • through Jesus' death + obedience he 'paid a ransom' for the sins of all humans allowing us to be freed from the effects of sin
      • weakness = not clear who the 'ransom' is paid to and some think it implies there is someone greater than God
      • strength = reflects ides that we see ourselves as servants to Christ instead of sin
    • Conscience
      • voice of God in their heart + soul guiding them to do what is right: 'alone with God, Whose voice echos in his depths' (Gaudium et Spes
      • made up of natural instincts - 'natural law' - helps Catholics to instinctively do good + avoid evil - people shouldn't ignore it
      • has to be educated, shaped + developed - listening to others - Catholics ca only do the right thing when they have enough knowledge to make right decisions
      • Catholic teachings have been guided by the Holy Spirit + should be listened to + not ignored
    • Mass as summit + source of Christian life
      • summit: offering of Christ on cross = highest from of prayer + as mass re-enacts this sacrifice it is the highest form of prayer
      • source: Christ's Body + Blood give life to the soul just like food gives life to human body
    • Different understandings of the Eucharist
      • Orthodox: celebrated with community, emphasis on symbolism and ritual + consecration = behind iconostasis (screen) - divides holy part of church from congregation - too sacred
      • Anglican: the spirit of Christ is received in communion, Christ is spiritually present but Bread + Wine don't become Body + Blood, Christ is present in the community that shared Eucharist
      • Quakers + Salvation Army: do not celebrate any form of Eucharist, they believe Christ is present through Spirit who inspires prayers + actions, do not practice sacraments as whole of life = sacrament
      • Non- Conformist Christians: Eucharist = memorial of Last Supper, Christ is present in Bible readings, Christ enters peoples lives through communion
    • The words of Institution
      • the words Jesus said at Last Supper: 'this is my body, which will be given up for you', ' this is the chalice of my blood'
      • when words are said, bread + wine become Body + Blood
      • 'this IS my body' = shows it doesn't just symbolise it
      • by taking Body + Blood we are able to share in the redeeming effects of his death + resurrection
    • The Agnus Dei
      • prayer said shortly before communion = refers to 'Lamb of God' and recalls the Jews escape from Egypt
      • 'You take away the sins of the world, grant us peace'
      • Last supper = Passover meal celebrating Jews escape from Egypt (Exodus 12) - God ordered Jewish household to kill + eat lamb, marking front door with its blood, so no one would die from 'Angel of Death' - Lamb saved Jews
      • Jesus = new Lamb of God as he saved humanity from sin - Agnus Dei reminds Catholics of this
    • Eucharistic adoration + Benediction
      • adoring the real presence of Christ in consecration - treat it with respect - some do this by receiving Communion on their tongue rather than hand
      • Benediction = service where consecrated bread id put on display in a monstrance (large holder) - Real Presence of Christ is praised + congregation is blessed

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