Evaluation of Reconstructive Memory

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Evaluation of Reconstructive Memory
    • Allport and Postman (1947)
      • Razor
      • Description of Race Change
      • Supporting
      • Stereotype
      • Passed on through serial reproduction
    • Brewer and Treyens (1981)
      • 30 Participants
        • Recall objects in an office
        • 35 seconds each
      • Recalled expected office items (typewriter)
      • Supporting
    • Carli (1999)
      • 135 Undergraduates
      • Read a story (two stories) both beginning the same
        • One story ending in rape
          • Ptp said story began more violently than it did
            • Ptp distorted the story
              • Stereotype of rape
        • One Story ending abruptly in an argument
      • Supporting
    • Strength
      • Theory explains why memory is inaccurate
    • Weaknesses
      • Theory only focuses on retrieval process
        • Not explain how information is taken in
      • Unusual things are remembered most
        • Theory doesn't explain this
    • Bartlett (1932)
      • Supporting
      • Ptp reconstructed the story based on their expectations
      • Errors=
        • Replacing word canoe with boat
        • Shorten the story
        • Changed hunting seals to fishing
          • Cultural norms, we don't hunt seals

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »