RECONSTRUCTION

  • Created by: wdvefb
  • Created on: 11-10-17 19:37
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  • Reconstruction1865-1877
    • ANDREW JOHNSON
      • April 1865 - considered best man for the job
      • Democrat with his own ideas
      • May 186 - Launched Presidential reconstruction
        • Aimed to act quickly to bring the south into political mainstream
        • Announced all southerners (except confederate soldiers and rich plantation owners, would be pardoned it they swore an oath
          • The shortcut did not work out and gained opposition from Republicans
            • New state governments - Men elected to represent southern states = mostly ex-confederates
              • Back-tracked on the question of rights for African-Americans = Black Codes
                • BLACK CODES
                  • Replace old slave codes, had basic rights - marry, own property
                  • Harsh limits: segregation, interracial marriages, testify in court against whites
            • Johnson: undermined status of black people
              • BLACK CODES
                • Replace old slave codes, had basic rights - marry, own property
                • Harsh limits: segregation, interracial marriages, testify in court against whites
            • Johnson: allowed "old gang" of confed leaders creep back in to politics
    • CONGRESSIONAL RECONSTRUCTION
      • Congress: dominated by angry republicans
        • The shortcut did not work out and gained opposition from Republicans
          • New state governments - Men elected to represent southern states = mostly ex-confederates
            • Back-tracked on the question of rights for African-Americans = Black Codes
            • Johnson: undermined status of black people
              • Johnson: allowed "old gang" of confed leaders creep back in to politics
            • Dec 1865 - Johnson = Collision course with congress
              • Johnson's Vetos
                • Feb 1866 -Renewal of Freemans bureau
                • Civil Rights act of 1866
                • July 1866 - Another Freemans Bureau
            • wipe out black codes, remover former confederates from power
          • Successes of CONGRESS
            • 13th amendment
              • Abolishment of Slavery
            • 15th amendment
              • Voting no matter race
            • 14th amendment
              • Equal citizenship
          • Opposition
            • Andrew Johnson
              • Johnson's Vetos
                • Feb 1866 -Renewal of Freemans bureau
                • Civil Rights act of 1866
                • July 1866 - Another Freemans Bureau
            • Hostile Reaction from South
              • White racial "brotherhood" - KKK
                • Influenced Race Riots in Southern cities
        • AN ERA OF REBUILDING THE NATION AFTER THE CIVIL WAR
          • Radical
          • Congression
          • Presidential
        • IMPEACHMENT OF PRESIDENT JOHNSON
          • Johnson's obstructionosist (delaying) tatics lead to the Tenure of Office Act 1867
            • Johnson broke this by trying to dismiss Edwin Stanton - 1868
              • Led to Thaddeus starting the process of impechment
          • It was almost certain Johnson would be convicted
            • Many republicans began to hesitate
              • Did not want to take extreme step towards a president who had been lawfully appointed
              • Johnson saved by one vote
        • RADICAL RECONSTRICTION
          • Policies
            • 15th Ammendment
            • 3 enforcement acts
              • Equal rights for African-Americans
              • Limit discrimation
                • Target "White terror"
          • Opposition
            • Extreme Opposition
              • White terrorists
                • Violence and intimidation
            • Political Opposition
              • Southern state legislatures
                • Electoral fraud
          • Failures
            • Redeemers
              • Democratic Party
                • gained confidence  and democrat control restored in southern states
            • Weak positions
              • many not in a strong political position to carry through policies that were unpopular
              • Grants position had weakened after election in 1872 due to economic depression
          • Election of 1868
            • Republican Campaign: Ulysses Grant
              • Focused on radical reconstruction
              • Rightng votes for African Americans in the South
      • AN ERA OF REBUILDING THE NATION AFTER THE CIVIL WAR
        • Radical
        • Congression
        • Presidential

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