Rebellions against William of Normandy's rule 1067-75

Summary of all the rebellions that William suke of Normandy had to face after the Battle of Hastings.

Green flag= land dispute

Dollar sign = tax dispute

pink flag= independence/power dispute

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  • Created by: ava.scott
  • Created on: 08-04-14 11:13
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  • Rebellions at King William 1067-1075
    • Wales
      • Edric the Wild lead a revolt to the boundary.
        • Wlliam fitzOsbern quickly suppressed the revolt, and Edric returned with much booty.
      • 1067
    • South-West
      • 1068
      • Harolds mother, Gytha, refused to accept Williams rule, andf held the city of Exeter against him for an 18 day siege.
        • William finally got the city, and also secured submission in Bristol and Gloucester.
        • Gytha's two sons arrived too late in Ireland, and could not help their mother.
        • Danish help did not turn up.
    • The North
      • 1069-70
      • Rebels burnt new Norman earl , Robert of Commines, to death in a church. Then made an attack on York, killing hundreds of Normans. York was quickly relieved by William. However, then Swegn, King of Denmark's sons arrived, finding they hada lot of support from ango-scandinavian settlers.They took York and inspired uprisings in the area (cheshire, dorest, somerset and stafforshire).
        • William first allowed the Dsnes to pillage across the Yorkshire coast, as long as they avoided Norman garrisons. They did so, and then left with much booty.
    • East Anglisa
      • 1070-71
      • Earls Edwin and Morcar, and Edgar the Aethling leave the kings court, and go up north. The Earls then meet King Swegn himself at the Isle of Ely, where they destroyed PPeterborough abbey, and pillaged the area.
        • William responded by buying off the Danes (again) then attacking  the  the earls, foricing them to surrender. Edwin ran away, and was later killed by his own forces. Morcar surrended, and their third accomplice, Hereward, disappeared.
    • Scotland
      • 1072
      • King Malcolm road into the waste of Durham and Cleveland (from the harrying) and assumed control, and devastated the area.
        • William developed a two-pronged attack; he met a fleet and an army at Perth, forcing Malcolm to accept Williams rule, and expel Edgar from his court.
    • The Revolt of the Norman Earls
      • 1075
      • WHY?
        • Ralph de Gael, Roger de Breteuil were both angry because their land and power had been reduced. (Breteuil was son of William fitzOsbern d.1071) Waltheof perhaps had less reason to rebel. The plan was hatched at Ralphs marriage to Rogers sister.
          • WHY IT FAILED: Ralph had to flee Norwich, leaving his wife in charge. She was inincapable and the city fell quickly.
            • Roger couldn't muster more than local support in Herefordshire.
              • Waltheof revealed the plot to Wt to William in an attempt to save his own neck (he was later executed).
                • The Danes arrived too late to be of any use. Pillaged and left.
                • This meant Odo of Bayeaux quickly suppressed the revolt before Danes could arrive.
            • The Revolt of the Norman Earls
              • 1075
              • WHY?
                • Ralph de Gael, Roger de Breteuil were both angry because their land and power had been reduced. (Breteuil was son of William fitzOsbern d.1071) Waltheof perhaps had less reason to rebel. The plan was hatched at Ralphs marriage to Rogers sister.
                  • WHY IT FAILED: Ralph had to flee Norwich, leaving his wife in charge. She was inincapable and the city fell quickly.
                    • Roger couldn't muster more than local support in Herefordshire.
                      • Waltheof revealed the plot to Wt to William in an attempt to save his own neck (he was later executed).
                        • The Danes arrived too late to be of any use. Pillaged and left.
                        • This meant Odo of Bayeaux quickly suppressed the revolt before Danes could arrive.
                  • WHY IT WAS A THREAT: It combines powers from England, Normandy, Brittany and the Danish.
                  • William was in Normandy.
            • WHY IT WAS A THREAT: It combines powers from England, Normandy, Brittany and the Danish.
            • William was in Normandy.
        • WHY WAS WILLIAM SUCCESSFUL?
          • Military Skill: e.g. Wales- he had loyal powerful men working for him. him. The building of castles , garrisoned with many men also increased his power.Beat Swen's sons in 1070.
            • Brutality: The Harrying of North is an example of complete and utter brutality, to starve and suppress the population into his rule.
              • Weaknesses of the Anglo-Saxons- They had no clear leader (Edgar ws too young). They lacked resources and could only use guerilla warfare. Uncoordinated e.g. South East
                • Unreliable Danes: 1069, 1, 1070-71- here the Danes show how they were not that dedicated to the cause, either not not showing up or being easily paid off. Their motivations wre very different to the Anglo-Saxon rebels.
                  • Negottiaion/bribery- William issued the Murdum taz, which charged a fine of 46marks to the lord of an area in which a Norman was killed.This encouraged the protection of Normans.
                    • Paying off the Danes repeatedly e.g. East Anglia.
                    • Established peace with the church by appointing Stigand in 1070.
                    • Leniency- William treared burgesses from the Soth- West rebellion  very mildly. He also held Edgar in his court until he became a very loyal vassal fo the King. These things helped him gain Anglo-Saxon support.
        • KEY:
          • REBELLION
            • DATE
              • what happened
                • williams response

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