Rebellions 1549-1571 Question

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  • Rebellions in the years 1549-1571 stemmed from  a weakness in central government
    • Elizabeth I
      • Northern Rebellion, 1569
        • Main causes
          • Religious
          • Political
          • Economic
        • Key people
          • Duke of N
            • Said he was rebelling for religious reasons
          • Duke of Norfolk
          • Mary Queen of Scots
          • Robert Dudley, Leicester
        • Government response
          • Rebels turned back north when they heard about the size of the army
          • 450 rebels, executed, inclu Duke of N and Duke of Norfolk
          • Untitled
          • Information leaked too soon, so response was quick
        • Rebels were devout catholic
          • Aimed to replace Elizabeth with Mary Queen of Scots
        • Duke of Norfolk would marry MQOS
        • Northern families fearful of Cecil
          • Felt that their powers and feudal system in decline
    • Edward VI
      • Kett's Rebellion, 1549
        • Main causes
          • Economic and Social
          • Religious (to some extent)
            • relating to the clergy
          • Did not stem from a weakness in central government
        • Against enclosures
          • Somerset gave the people false hope (promised what he couldn't achieve)
        • Leader - Robert Kett
          • originally a target but later sympathised with protesters
          • Offered to lead to rebels against Somersets government
        • collapse of cloth trade led to unemployment
        • Governments response
          • response was initially peaceful - offered pardons
          • Final response involved army of 12,000 led by Duke of N
            • Kett and 49 others executed
      • Western Rebellion, 1549
        • Leader - Arundell and Welsh
        • Main causes
          • Economic
            • Sheep taxes
            • Taxation on food, result of bad harvest of 1548
          • Religious
            • Opposition to First Book of Common Prayer
            • William Body, murdered by the rebels
              • Angered by attempts to remove catholic symbols
            • Wanted Latin mass restored
          • Regional Identify
            • Cornwall - land a part from rest of the country
            • Own language in Cornwall
        • Government response
          • Slow response - Somserset underestimate seriousness
            • Cornwall far away
          • troops needed elsewhere
          • Rebellion crushed in August, by army led by Lord Russell
    • Mary I
      • Wyatt Rebellion, 1554
        • Main causes
          • Religious
        • Leader - Thomas Wyatt
        • Against Spanish marriage
        • Intended to replace Mary with Edward Courtenay
          • marry him to Princess Elizabeth
        • originally supposed to be 4 uprising, but only Wyatt able to gain support
          • Kent, Welsh border, Leicester shire, Devon
            • Leicester shire (LJG father)
        • marched into London, but not able to gain support
        • Government response
          • Quick- rebellion put down in a week
        • showed support for Mary was strong
      • Northumberland's coup, 1553
        • Main causes
          • Religious
          • Political
        • Duke of N feared catholic restoration, as did Edward VI
        • The Devise
          • changed the line of succession (exlcu Mary and Elizabeth)
          • Named LJG and her male heirs as successor
        • The coup
          • LJG crowned queen after Edwards death
            • Lasted 9 days
          • However, many believed Mary was the rightful queen
          • Outside of London, support for Mary was low
        • Duke of N response/ failure
          • Mary not captured, so able to gain support
          • Later, Duke of N marched to Cambridge to arrest Mary, with 12,000
            • Untitled

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