Reasons why Russia won WW2

Reasons why Russia won WW2 (Against Germany)

History Unit 1 - Edexcel

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  • Created by: Amir
  • Created on: 15-12-12 11:58
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  • Reasons for Russian victory in WW2
    • The Nazi War Economy
      • The German War Economy lacked direction
      • Senior Nazi officals had a series of competing priorites which hampend the War effort
        • For Example Goering insisted that the Living Standards should be kept high in order to ensure support from the german people (maintain)
    • German Mistakes
      • The Germans were over ambitous with their attack of Germany
        • Operation Barborossa failed to take into account the length if time it would take to capture Moscow along with getting their befire the Russian winter set in
      • The german troops also laid seige to cities such as Leningrad and Moscow wihhc henabled the Russian troops to regroup and rearm
      • The German army was also unsuitably equipped when it came to dealing with the Russian winter
    • The Home Front
      • The Great Patriotic War
        • Stalin understood that the 5YP’s and the Great Terror had little to improve living Standards
        • Stalin called upon the Russian people to defend the “Motherland” instead of defending Socialism
        • The Strategy worked, for example in Leningrad the citizens managed to endure and resist the 9 day siege by the Germans. Inspite of starvation, exhaustion and the harsh winter
      • Turning to the Church
        • Traditionally the communists were against religion
        • In exchange the leader of the Church Metropolitan Sergei sated that Stain was “Gods chosen leader” and that the fight against Germany was a holy war
        • 414 Churches reopened in the final year of the war
        • Stalin made an alliance with the church during the time of the war
        • Amongst Soldiers it was often believed that in the words of Jesus it was more comforting to die in the war than in the words of Marx, Lenin or Stalin
    • The Grand Alliance
      • Lend Lease
        • Militarily the Lend Lease program had lmited effect
          • However, it had a significant impact in terms of Food & Transport
            • Transport
              • Of the 2,000 trains the Red Army had over 1,900 of them were American built
              • American Jeeps formed 2/3rds of all those used by the Red Army
            • Food
              • The Red Army was dependent on American and Canadian wheat as well as tinned goods such as - SPAM
              • By 1943, 17% of the Red Army was supplied with American food
            • Overall in terms of food and transport Lend Lease was critical to Russian Sucess
      • Britain's RAF bombed cities, therefore the Luftwaffe could not concentrate all of its attention on Russia
      • Following D-Day the British and American forces opened a third front in France against Germnay
        • As a result Hitler had to divert some of his forces and resources iinto defending this 3rd Front
    • The War Economy
      • The USSR was better prepared when it entered the war, compared to GB and France
        • This was largely due tot he economic progress made in the first two 5YP's
      • the Second 5YP in particular focused on more on rearmament - spending on rearmaent rose from 4% of the GDP in1933 to 17% in 1937
      • Gosplan at War
        • Stalin initiated a new policy of relocating factories to the East in order to stop it falling into enemy hands
          • By 1941, 1523 Faxctories were relocated to the East
        • By 1942, 56% of Russia's National Income was devoted to the War - higher than GB, France
        • The Porduction of armaments almost doubled between 1941 and 1944
    • The Enemy Within
      • The NKVD drew up a list of people who they felt maybe sympatheticto the Germans
        • The NKVD relocated these people
          • For example he Kamylyks - an ethnic group of arounnd 130,000 were relocated to Siberia
  • The War Economy
    • The USSR was better prepared when it entered the war, compared to GB and France
      • This was largely due tot he economic progress made in the first two 5YP's
    • the Second 5YP in particular focused on more on rearmament - spending on rearmaent rose from 4% of the GDP in1933 to 17% in 1937
    • Gosplan at War
      • Stalin initiated a new policy of relocating factories to the East in order to stop it falling into enemy hands
        • By 1941, 1523 Faxctories were relocated to the East
      • By 1942, 56% of Russia's National Income was devoted to the War - higher than GB, France
      • The Porduction of armaments almost doubled between 1941 and 1944

Comments

Faith Thompson


Great Depth

Mart

Overall great mindmap it must have taken ages to find resources for this and format it on to the computer . Your map saved me a load of times im greatly thank full . I fund one mistake in it at the part where germanys mistake is that germany attacked germany . 

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