Reasons for Parliamentary Victory

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  • Created by: Izzywynn
  • Created on: 22-01-15 09:27
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  • Reasons for Paliamentary Victory
    • PARLIAMENT EFFECTIVE TAXATION
      • Kent 1645 - More money gained in 1 month than in a whole year of ship money in 1630's
      • Monthly assessment by late 1640's, up to £90,000 per month
      • Allowed N.M.A to be resourced
    • ALLIES
      • Sept 1643 - Charles signed the cessation with the Irish. In return for granting toleration for Catholics in Ireland, Irish troops would come to England to fight in Royalist side
        • Propaganda disaster for Charles when this was made public. Also the Irish troops were of little use as they arrived in small groups
      • Sept 1643 - Parliament signed an alliance with the Scots Covenanters. Provided an army of 21,000 men in return for a Presbyterian church settlement after the war
        • Mixed blessing as some of the MPs and many in the parliamentary army were unhappy (created divisions)
    • NEW MODEL ARMY ORDINANCE
      • Single nation "go anywhere" Parliamentary army of 21,000 men, well paid commanded by Thomas Fairfax, a non-political professional soldier
      • Feb 1645
    • SELF- DENYING ORDINANCE:
      • 1645
      • All MPs/peers to give up their military commands
      • To get rid of incompetent commanders such as Manchester and Essex
      • Cromwell was exempted from this and was appointed commander of the cavalry
      • Was Cromwell prepared to sacrifice his position for the war effect, or did he know that he would be exempted from the Self Denying Ordinance
      • General determination amounst MPs to end the war
    • KING FAILED TO CAPATILISE ON SUCCESS
    • PARLIAMENT HELD LONDON AND MAJOR POINTS

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