Reasons for Decline


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  • Reasons for Decline
    • Industrial Areas
      • poor environment
        • contaminated land and water ways
        • If working conidtions are bad, people leave
          • poor health etc
      • Competition
        • If other companies pay better they might lose workers
        • Lose business if services/goods are too similar
        • global shift
          • Movement of industry abroad
          • Cheaper to import
      • Deindustrialisation
        • Movement from secondary to tertiary employment
        • Deserted brownfield sites
          • poor environment
            • contaminated land and water ways
            • If working conidtions are bad, people leave
              • poor health etc
        • drosscapes
        • Closure of mines
        • Decline of  primary industry
          • Closure of mines
      • Mechanisation
        • Unemployment
          • Mismatch of skills/ lack of skills
    • Rural Areas
      • Agricultural Problems
        • Crop failure
        • Infertile Land
          • Environmental degredation
            • Overuse of land
            • Mining scars
      • Competition
        • Lack of services
          • Lack of affordable housing, because the holiday homes push the prices up
          • Expensive goods, transport etc
        • Brain Drain
          • Not enough independents left to support the dependents
        • Lack of skilled jobs
          • Brain Drain
            • Not enough independents left to support the dependents
          • Mismatched skills
          • seasonal work
            • Lack of services
              • Lack of affordable housing, because the holiday homes push the prices up
              • Expensive goods, transport etc
    • Urban Areas
      • Bad City Planning
        • badly built buildings
        • Bad roads
      • Unemployment
        • High crime rates
        • Bad schools
          • Underqualified workers
        • Lack of jobs
        • Mismatch of skills
      • Counterurbanisation
        • Attraction of rural areas (e.g. families/retirement)
        • Decentralisation
      • Decline of CBD
        • Lack of Space
        • Expensive
          • High rents
            • Lack of Space
        • Cost of commuting/parking
        • Congestion
          • Bad City Planning
            • badly built buildings
            • Bad roads
        • Low environmental quality
        • technology allows footloose industry
      • Overcrowding
      • Ethnic Segregation
    • Coastal Areas
      • Natural hazards
        • Flooding
          • People leave for safer places
        • Erosion
          • Loss of land
      • Tourism
        • Overbuilt
          • Too many cheap and tacky buildings
            • Lose visitors
        • Overcrowding
          • Can lead to long-time loss of visitors
        • growth of international package holidays
        • Decline in number of hotels and guesthouses in the UK
        • Seasonal work
      • Poor services
        • Expensive houses (sometimes due to tourists)
          • Second homes push house prises up
      • Decline of primary industries (e.g. fishing)
        • EU reduced fishing quotas for the UK
      • Pollution
        • Damages fishing industry
          • Decline of primary industries (e.g. fishing)
            • EU reduced fishing quotas for the UK
        • Too many cheap and tacky buildings
          • Lose visitors

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