realism for crime and deviance

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  • Left Realism
    • explanation
      • victim based approach
        • most of information comes from VICTIM SURVEYS
          • example of victim survey: Islington survey
      • influenced by strain theory (merton)
      • created to oppose right realism
      • Lea and young (early 80's)
    • Solutions to crime
      • long term strategy
        • social equality
      • short term solutions
        • Police
          • community policing
            • contrast to right realism
              • Zero tolerance
                • military policing
                  • leads to mobilzation of bystanders
                    • more crime
            • troubled area
        • immediate polices
          • young and matthews
        • work with victims
          • restorative justice
          • impact statements
        • focus on high crime areas
        • ensuring everyone is invloved
          • agree with right realism
  • main beliefs
    • subcultural
    • marginalisation
      • people pushed to the outside of society, so find other ways to get back in
    • accept that poverty and unemployment can cause crime
    • explanation
      • victim based approach
        • most of information comes from VICTIM SURVEYS
          • example of victim survey: Islington survey
      • influenced by strain theory (merton)
      • created to oppose right realism
      • Lea and young (early 80's)
    • square of crime
      • influenced by the new criminology
      • don't talk much about offenders or public

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