reactions to politics and economy in gilded age america

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  • responses to economics and politics gilded age
    • American gov hands off, lets business be business, many poltiicans agree with gospel of wealth, many only agree through corruption
    • urban workers
      • expansion of organised labour, never really saw boss due to big copmanies, wouldnt complain either due to flood of immigrants and cheap labour avialable to take place
      • 6 day, 60 hour working week average
      • first national response = 1877 railroad strike, in response to pay cut. Doesnt achieve much, looting breaks out which loses sumpathy for many , shows potential for labour if was organisaiton
      • first permanent union rises and falls rapidly 1880s, fear of businesso wners of organised labour...
        • if going to be succesfull, needs to avoid violence and start slow
    • Samuel Gompers= AMerican Federation of Labor
      • didnt want to overthrow system, just improve working doncitions, working hours, safety and doesnt want to strike oftenas seen as radical
      • 1M 1901, less than 10% of american workforce
        • unions still seen as revolutionary
    • Homestead strike 1892= steel works in Pitsburg, private detectives hired to break up inionists ended in bloodshed and death of 9 men
    • pullman strike 1894= violent. after wages reduced, strike at compan who make railraod crriages, leads to country grinding to halt. Us mail struggles. president sends troops to make sure, improsned arested
    • arugably too soon

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