Reaching a Verdict A2 OCR

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  • Reaching A Verdict
      • Order of Testimony
        • Story Order- where the defence/ prosecution present evidence in a chronological order. Witness Order- presenting their best witness first or last to take advantage of  primacy/recency effects
        • Pennigton & Hastie- to see whether story order is superior in gaining a conviction and the extent to which it affects confidence in decision making
      • Inadmissible Evidence
        • Pickel- To look at the role of the judge's instructions when they were followed by a legal explanation
        • Inadmissible evidence- Hearsay, Prior Convictions and Improper evidence
      • Expert Witnesses
        • Cutler et al- The effect of the expert witness on jury perception of eyewitness testimony. IV- Witness Identifying Conditions, Witness Confidence, Form of Expert Testimony and Expert Opinion Expressed
      • Witness Confidence
        • Penrod & Cutler- The effects of witness confidence on jurors' assessment of eyewitness evidence
      • Attractiveness of the Defendant
        • Castellow et al- The effects of physical attractiveness on jury verdicts
        • Halo Effect- physically attractive people are assumed to have other attractive properties. Implicit Personality Theory- the first traits we recognise in other people influence how we interpret all the later ones because of our expectations.
      • Effect of Shields and Videotape on Children giving Evidence
        • Ross et al- The impact of protective shields and videotape testimony on conviction rates
      • Stages of Decision Making
        • Hastie et al- the jury discussions go through the following stages. Orientation Period, Open Confrontation and Reconciliation
      • Minority Influence
        • Moscovici- to compare the impact of a consistent minority and an inconsistent minority on the views of the majority
      • Majority Influence
        • Solomon Asch- To investigate the effects of conformity on a majority when the task is unambigous


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