RE -- Life and Death (Origin and sanctity of life)

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  • RE -- life and death (Origin and sanctity of life)
    • Medical ethics
      • Some medical issues contradict religious beliefs
      • Religious people often believe life is sacred
    • Key concepts
      • Sanctity of life vs quality of life
      • Natural law
      • Playing God
      • Hippocratic oath
    • Natural Law
      • Says God made the world exactly how he wanted
      • This means they believe the right action is always the natural thing
    • Doctrine of Double Effect
      • When an action has two results
      • One intended result and one 'side effect'
      • This gets around some difficult ethical problems in Natural Law
    • Euthanasia
      • Killing someone who is terminally ill
    • Hippocratic oath
      • It is a promise doctors make before practising
      • it is a promise to promote health and not to use their skill to harm
      • "I will maintain the utmost respect for human life"
      • "The health and wellbeing of my patient will be my first consideration"
    • 'Sanctity of life'
      • Human life has a particular value, it is sacred or holy
      • God made humans in a special way and they have a soul, separating us from all other life
    • 'quality of life'
      • A secular argument against sanctity of life
      • Claims that the value in life comes from its quality
    • Speciesm
      • Discrimination against other animals
    • Utilitarianism
      • An ethical theory which judges an action based on whether it maximises happiness for the majority
    • "the spirit returns to God who gave it"
    • "Life -- a precious gift from God"
    • Non-religious beliefs
      • Evolution disagrees with it
        • Suggests humans have no special value
        • No different to animals
      • Peter Singer
        • Utilitarian
        • Says we speciesist if we give more value to human life then animals
      • Humanists
        • Defend each persons right to their values
        • uphold the right to life, but their decision when pointless suffering
    • God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
    • “Before I formed you in the womb I knew[a] you,    before you were born I set you apart;    I appointed you as a prophet to the nations.”

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