radical parties

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  • radical parties
    • before the 1905 revolution no political parties were permitted
    • all shared one aim, of seeing the end to Tsarism (autocracy)
    • traditions of radicalism
      • populist movement
      • looked at peasants as the political basis for future society
      • wanted a system of government based on independent peasant communes. local democracy
      • middle class
      • couldn't gain massive support, so adopted more extreme tactics. aimed at assassinating leaders of the tsarist state
      • led to founding of radical parties -social democratic party and the social revolutionary party
    • social revolutionary party
      • won support of industrial workers
      • promised all peasants would be given their own land
      • was not a united group, more a wide variety of factions
      • terrorist wing - assassinated the tsar's uncle
      • supported peasant uprisings
      • largest political party before 1917
      • most supported as wanted to redistribute land to peasantry
      • mix of peaceful and violent
    • social democratic party
      • Marxism - industrial development was essential for a socialist revolution
      • western ideas
      • Marxist - aimed to overthrow Tsar and establish socialist society
      • mix of peaceful and violent
      • later split into the Bolsheviks and mensheviks
        • 1903 - 2nd Party Congress
        • London- leaders forced to live abroad from Russia due to arrests
        • Bolsheviks - dedicated revolutionaries
        • mensheviks -  broad membership
        • class struggle
        • business men and industrial workers
        • rich peasants (kulaks) and poor peasants


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