pluralism/theology

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  • Created by: ferdat
  • Created on: 09-10-18 11:38
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  • R Pluralism & Theology
    • Definition
      • Exclusivism
        • Other religions can't lead you to salvation
        • Only Christianity
        • Baptism, giving up old life (Bonhoeffer)
      • Inclusivism
        • Other possible routes to salvation
          • Saved by Christ
      • Pluralism
        • More routes to salvation
    • Exclusivism
      • Narrow
        • Certain denominations achieve salvation
        • Aug (c4) Calvin (c16)
        • God's grace = elect/heaven
        • D'Costa
          • Restrictive - Access Exclusivism
      • Broad
        • All who accept Christ will be saved
        • D'Costa
          • Universal - Access Exclusivism
        • Salvation can occur after death - purgatory
          • Christ died for everyone, the route to heaven is open to all that accept him
            • "God our saviour desires everyone to be saved & come to the knowledge of the truth"
      • Kraemer -N
        • The christian message in a non-christian world (book)
          • For anyone to be christian must convert first.
      • Barth
        • People can't know God through their own efforts - he reveals himself through Jesus, Bible & Church
        • Don't be led by political correctness / fear of offending others
        • Make it clear to non-christians they're wrong.
        • Missionary work/evangelizing others is a duty - not ignorance
      • Catholic Church
        • Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus - no salvation out of church
        • Attitudes changed after Vatican2 evaluated council ideas
          • Positive response to other denominations & faiths.
            • Strict focus on CHRIST
    • Inclusivism
      • 'Middle path' - Christianity is unique & founded through Jesus. - LINK TO ANDY BANISTER
      • Rahner
        • Not everyone has heard the words of Christ
          • Moses
        • But once they hear it they must become christian to be saved.
        • Lumen Gentium: Through no fault of their own, do not know the gospel...who seek God...with a sincere heart... may achieve eternal salvation"
        • Criticism!
          • Kraemer
            • Any other religion is misguided  to attempt the truth & were cultural constructs to the revelation
              • Rahner
            • Rahner
      • Balthasar
        • Opposed 'anonymous Christian' - church = no hiding/dilute
        • It will make Non-christians strong, Christianity should show it's the only route to salvation.
    • Pluralism
      • Hick
        • Elephant Analogy
          • 3Blind ppl, felt differnt parts of elephant & felt diff things. = diff beliefs/practises arise from the difefrence in human nature = superficial.
        • Christianity = absolute & final route to God.
          • Christianity is a bigger cycle & religions are human constructs - something bigger.
      • Panikkar
        • Openness rather than making claims to know the truth
          • Finding identity in all faiths
            • "I left Europe a Christian, I discovered I was a Hindu and returned a Buddhist without ever having ceased to be Christian"

Comments

pkpaula23

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shut up ferda

pkpaula23

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turns out you cant delete your own comments ;-;

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