Paper 2: Option B4 Early Elizabethan England (1558 - 1588)

  • Created by: LucasG435
  • Created on: 02-04-18 15:07
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  • Queen Elizabeth- Min Points of her reign.
    • Religious Settlement (1559)
      • To stop extremism.
      • Both catholic and protestant extremists to be effected.
      • Act of Uniformity (1559).
        • Ordinary People made to go to church.
        • All clergy are to talk about Elizabeth.
        • You have to have a license to preach.
    • Religion
      • Made the "Supreme Governor of the church.
        • This made her role acceptable for Catholicism, as the pope was the "Head of the church".
      • The Puritan Challenge.
        • Puritans challenge all aspects of church life in England, form crucifixes to vestments.
        • Elizabeth focused on the bigger picture: To unite the country.
    • Plots
      • The Northern Earls (1569).
        • Queen Elizabeth Took more and more power away from the northern earls.
        • Mary Queen of Scots, Thomas Percy, Charles Neville, Thomas Howard and Jane Neville.
        • Northern Earls would take control of Durham before marching south, meeting Spanish troops and marrying MQS and the Duke of Norfolk.
        • The Northern Earls failed and as a result, treason laws became harsher, Catholics were treated more harshly and Pope Pius VI excommunicated the queen.
      • The Ridolfi Plot (1571).
        • Roberto Ridolfi, MQS, Phillip II, The Duke of Alba and the Duke of Norfolk.
        • The Pope had sent out a papal bull which directly ordered Catholics to object Elizabeth. He had also started sending spies to England.
        • Murder Elizabeth, put MQS on the throne and marry her to The Duke of Norfolk and get Spanish troop support from Phillip in the Netherlands
        • The Duke of Norfolk was executed in 1572 and Elizabeth kept a higher guard for Spanish intentions. Tried to make relations with France
      • Throckmorton Plot (1583).
        • More Laws passed against Catholics, Recusant fines went up to £20 and attempts to convert people to Catholicism was treason.
        • The Duke of Guise, MQS, Francis Throckmorton, Phillip II and The Pope.
        • The French would invade England, free Mary, overthrow Elizabeth and restore Catholicism in England.
        • The threat of foreign invasion became even bigger and the fear of the "enemy within England". This led to more persecution of Catholics and many fled.
      • Babington Plot (1586).
        • The Duke of Guise. Phillip II, The Pope, Anthony Babington and MQS.
        • Catholics were either fleeing England or being treated badly and they were still trying to worship in secret.
        • Murdering Elizabeth and encouraging Catholics to rebel, alongside an invasion from the Duke of Guise with 60,000 men.
        • Gave a greater reason for MQS execution, and damaged Spanish and English relations beyond repair.
    • Foreign Policies and Sir Francis Drake
      • Sir Francis Drake became one of Elizabeth's privateers after defeating countless Spanish ships.
        • "Drake singes the Kings Beard" (1587).
        • He stole the Spanish "Geneva Loan"
          • Untitled
      • Phillip sent The Duke of Alba to stomp out Protestantism in the Netherlands. Elizabeth indirectly helped the protestants by supplying resources and such, which spurred the Cloth Embargo put on England.
    • The Spanish Armada (1588).
      • The English Ships were far superior to the Spanish designed ships, they had a smaller and faster ship design with cannons that could reload quicker.
      • The Spanish Barrels were of poor quality as Drake had hit their supplies (Singeing of the Kings beard) and so they could not store valuable resources and most were destroyed or ruined.
      • Sir Francis Drake sent  Fire Ships into the Spanish Armada destroying lots of their ships, and stopping them from landing on English ports.
      • More Damage was done by the Scottish rocks than the English cannons.
      • The victory gave Elizabeth lots of Propaganda and made her look strong.

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