Psychopathology evaluation

some evaluation points for the defintions and treatments of abnmormality

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  • Pyschopathology evaluation points
    • Therpaies
      • Pyschoanalysis
        • Borgias (1971) - found that 80% of paitents benefitted from pyscgo analysis
        • Time consuming and very costly
        • Therapist may plant false memories in patient.
      • Electro-convulsive therapy
        • Side effects - nausea headaches and permenant or temporary amnesia
        • Ethical issues
        • Very effective  - has been around for 70+ years
      • Systematic desenstitisation
        • requires very little effort from the patient
        • doesnt look at where the phobias have come from.
        • Over 75% of patients respond to treatment
      • Chemotherapy
        • Ease of use
        • Side effects -  insomnia , nausea and sucidal thoughts
        • When combined with family intervention the risk of relapse drops to 2%
      • REBT
        • Can be used on a variety of phobias
        • Doesn't take into account the context of which the phobias arose
        • Unsucsesful if the patient doesn;t put 100% effort into it
    • Definitions
      • Behavioural model
        • Too much evidence is based on animals
        • Accounts for cultural differences
        • Too simlistic - reductionist
      • Cognitive Model
        • What if the irrational thoughts are the rational ones?
        • Many people with a mental illness have and irrational thought pattern
        • It doeant adress the origin of the irrational thoughts
      • Psychodynamic model
        • Is it still relevant?
        • Some evidence for defence mechanisms - the girl that remembered her father killing her  best friend 30 years later
        • Lots of therapies have been  created form this research
      • Biological model
        • Its reductionist it breaks problems down too far.
        • Relief for the patient knowing their ill
  • Can be scientifically proven
    • Biological model
      • Its reductionist it breaks problems down too far.
      • Relief for the patient knowing their ill

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