Purges under Yaezhov 1937-1938

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  • Created by: Dracupine
  • Created on: 04-04-13 15:43
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  • Purges under Yezhov
    • Society
      • Arrest Lists: 250,000+
        • Scientists, artists, writers, musicians,   administrators   managers & historisns
        • Accused of leading terrorist groups
      • Random arrests
        • People terrified & accused others
      • 28% shot & 72% spent 10 years in gulags
      • De-stablilised society as people blame   one-another,   spiraling out of control.
      • Arrests between 11am & 3am knock on house doors
        • "House on fire"
        • take them all away to a "safe place to stay"
        • Forced to confess against Stalin.
        • Many died in prison, as they were shot or dying from torture
    • The Army
      • All but 1 air force
      • All civil war heroes & all 11 war Commissars
      • 3/5 Marchals
      • 25,000 officers imprisoned or shot but 11,000 reinstated
      • All USSR party & State Leaders charged of treason
      • People in any association arrested
        • Collegues
        • friends
        • Family (relatives)
      • Members of groups arrested, imprisoned or shot
        • However most peasants died during collectivisation
      • Anyone  with contact abroad
        • Comintern Agents
        • Diplomats
        • Foreign Trade Officials
        • Railwaymen
        • Sportsmen
        • Former menshoviks
        • Socialists
        • Revolutionists
        • Priests
        • People in the media
        • Members of groups arrested, imprisoned or shot
          • However most peasants died during collectivisation
    • The Party
      • 98/139  members at Central Committee arrested & shot 70%
      • 1108/1966 arrested in Congress
      • Denunciations directed towards the top.
        • the top denounced lower members as were anxious
      • Encouraged lower-ranking members to criticize & denounce higher positions.
        • Flood of accusations
        • Denunciations directed towards the top.
          • the top denounced lower members as were anxious
      • Party members 'unmasked' for:
        • Being in Bukharin's right in 1920's
        • Authorising concessions to peasants in 1925
        • A flood of denounced   Colleagues
          • Settling scores
          • Deflect blame
          • get their job

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