PUNISHMENT

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  • Created by: Bea MH
  • Created on: 08-01-15 10:57
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  • PUNISHMENT
    • Marxist Views
      • Take a conflict veiw of society, there is disagreements between the bourgeoise and the proletariat.
      • PUNISHMENT IS A TOOL USED BY THE BOURGEOISE TO EXCERT POWER OVER THE PROLETARIAT!
      • The blame is on the individuals within society, there is no focus on captial instutions.
      • Individuals are often defined as 'social failures' from a Marxist view.
    • Functionalist Views
      • See society as a consenous, therefore punishment has a positive function within society.
      • Offenders within society are often physicaly punished
      • Durkhiem saw punishment as an expression of moral condemnation rather than an unpleasant act.
      • Crime committed by an individual is seen as an assult on the whole society.
    • The imposotion of a penalty as rebribution for an offence.
    • Postmodernist View
      • FOUND TWO PERIODS OF POWER WITH DIFFERENT PUNISHMENTS
        • SOVERIGN POWER: there king is the most important person within this society.
          • Punishment was often done inpublic, perhaps to demonstrate the power of the king/queen as a ruler.
        • DISCIPLINARY POWER: Mid C19, enforced punishment of the mind throught the body.
          • PANOPTICON: A building for example a prison, hospital or library, where all points of the interior are visiable from a single point.
            • Prisons using this format used hte idea of being physically watched as becoming a punishment as it regulated the behaviour of the mind through the physical act of being observed.
    • Social Action Theory
      • Focuses on how punishment itself developed.
      • Saw prisonas a way of reflecting the changing nature of autority within society.
      • Started from a charasmatic ruler then progessed towards a legal autority figure for example the justice system.
      • Power and domination were everywhere, hidden in a seminal analysis of control
  • Criticised for being over simplistic
    • Ignores the powerful and inequality within society
  • DURKHEIM
  • MICHEL FOUCAULT
  • GORDON
  • WEBER
  • Cristised for ignoring religious or humanitarian influences

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