Punishment

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  • Punishment
    • Meaning
      • Human nature choose the easy way out
        • do not accept blame
        • Heaney included - guilty
      • woman who had committed adultery punished by being buried in a bog - body preserved and found in Germany 1951
    • Language
      • repeats "I"
        • won't let you escape guilt
          • sympathy
            • unusual because adultery was still condemned
      • "frail rigging"
        • so thin - vulnerable - condemns punishment
      • "sapling" --> "brain-firkin"
        • innocence and vulnerability reduced to nothing
      • "Little adulteress"
        • shows youth and innocence
        • Oxmoron
      • "My poor scapegoat"
        • religious comparison - Jesus was blamed for everything
        • personal
          • religious comparison - Jesus was blamed for everything
      • "stones of silnce"
        • sibilant sounds - contempt
    • Structure
      • Long poem with short stanzas
        • abrupt
      • Lengthy descriptions of the girl
        • tenderness
        • Heaney is affected
      • split tenses
        • Repeatable, so relateable
    • Form
      • Changes tenses
        • Dips in and out of past/present
          • Looks at all time to show that nothing ever changes
            • Separated into 3 sections - past, hinge between, and present
          • Separated into 3 sections - past, hinge between, and present
      • In columns / split page
        • Inner divide within Heaney
          • committed crime but still human
        • Past repeats itself
          • viscous cycle

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