Public Health during the Industrialisation

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  • Public health     during      1750-1900
    • Killer diseases (mainly caused by contaminated water)
      • Cholera
        • Treatments included
          • Praying/Lucky charms
          • Using chloride of lime
          • Burning dead people's things and tar/vinegar
          • Smoking cigars
      • Diptheria
      • Smallpox
      • Typhoid
      • TB
    • Jenner
      • Developed vaccination for smallpox
        • Opposition
          • Interfered with God's plan
          • Vaccinations were not done properly and thus didn't work
          • Doctors lost money due to free vaccinations
          • It was wrong to give people and animal's disease. (The vaccination came from cowpox)
    • Pasteur and Koch
      • Germ Theory
        • Pasteur discovered that microbes cause decay
          • Koch linked bacteria to diesease
            • Found microbes for anthrax, cholera and TB
            • Pasteur's team found that a weakened version of a disease causing microbe could create immunity for that disease
    • Anasethetics
      • James Simpson
        • Discovered chloroform was an anaesthetic
      • Carl Koller
        • Discovered that cocaine was an anaesthetic
    • Improvements in medical training and treatment
      • Teaching hospitals
      • William Brockedon
        • Machine that standardised dosage and production of pills
      • The government introduced regulations to prevent harmful ingredients to be put in medicines
      • Training in using technology
      • More studies on microbes
    • Government Action
      • Compulsory Vaccinations
      • Public Health Act 1848
      • Public Health Act 1875
        • Clean water
        • Clean streets
        • High Quality food
        • Sewers and drains
    • Improvements in Hospital Care
      • Florence Nightingale
        • Set up a school for nurses and midwives
        • Decreased death rate from 42% to 2%
        • Believed in Miasma, so she emphasised hygiene and fresh air
      • Specialist hospitals, infirmaries and workhouses
      • Rich people were treated at home
      • Elderly, sick or poor had to go
      • Cottage hospitals where GP's gave prescriptions



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