Psychology practicals paper 1

  • Created by: ehemsann
  • Created on: 18-05-19 16:22
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  • Paper 1 Practicals
    • Cognitive
      • To  investigate the difference in recall of a list of 30 words based on if the list was organised or unorganised
      • Mann-Whitney U Test
        • Difference
        • Independent Groups
        • Ordinal Data
        • Na=10, Nb=10, U = 39.7, C=27, as U>C results not significant at p< 0.05 value
      • 3 mins to learn, 3 mins to recall, 30 words,  double blind
      • Evaluation
        • PV - 16-18 year olds have better memory recall than rest of pop
        • EV - could be better with a shopping list
        • CV- testing memory recall as desired
        • R - would get the same results again as all extraneous variables were controlled
        • O - no opinion in counting the numbers of words recalled
    • Learning
      • To investigate  the difference in politeness of genders, based on a 'thank you' or equivalent as they leave the class
      • Chi-Squared
        • Independent Groups
        • Nominal data
        • Difference
        • X=14.8, C= 10.03, X>C results are significant at p< 0.01 value
      • 25% of males were polite vs 58% females polite
        • F; 'thank you, have a good weekend'     M; 'cheers' as they walked out of the room
      • Eyeball test for gender, 'thank you' or equivalent
      • Evaluation
        • EV- could have been better in a variety of locations
        • PV-more susceptible to social heidchary, therefore less likely to thank teacher s
        • CV- does not include shy people, they may be polite by too shy to thank their teacher noticeably
        • R-did not have enough control over extraneous
        • O- no judgement involved
    • Social
      • To investigate the difference in attitudes based on the sense of belonging to a group
      • Graph
      • Self report questionnaire that we made up ourselves, only one open question
      • In + = 7.6            Out + = 0.4   In - = 3.7      Out - = 4.8
        • 'Rugby players are real men', 'more musculine', 'physically superior'
      • Evaluation
        • PV- more acceptable to exaggeration and social desirability
        • EV- not a stereotypical environment to see the views, would be better asking after a game
        • CV- our questionnaire wasn't piloted and so we didn't notice the double question 'overpaid divers', might agree with one and not the other
        • Reliability- closed likert scale are but open question is not, thematic analysis
        • O- closed questions have no opinionbut open questions do
    • Biological
      • To investgate the relationship btweenpre-natal testosterone and  aggression
      • Digit span to 2 d.p.  and Buss & Perry self-report questionnaire
      • Spearman's Rank
        • Relationship
        • Orrdinal
        • N=10, C=-0.564, R=-0.175
      • Evaluation
        • EV- not provoking aggression so low
        • PV- 16-18 year olds prone to exaggerating or social desirability
        • CV- good methods but could be better if measured in womb (PFH)
        • R- both are unlikelychange
        • O- no opinion involved in collection or analysis of data

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