Psychology Attachments A01 A03

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  • attachment
    • AO1
      • reciprocity is when each person rsponds to others signal to sustain interaction (turn taking)
      • alert phases are what babies signal that they are ready for interaction
      • interactional synchrony is when caregiver and infant interaction mirrors in a coordinated way
    • Key studies
      • Meltzoff and Moore, adult displayed one of 3 facial expressions and found that there was a significant association betwwen the infant behaviour and that of the adult.
      • Isabella et al observed 30 mothers and assesed degree of synchrony and found high levels of synchrony were associated with better quality mother-infant interations.
    • strengths
      • uses well controlled procedurs so any other distractions to a baby can be controlled, showing good validity.
      • crotwell et al found a 10 min parent-child interaction therapy improved IS in 20 low-income mothers & their preschool infants suggesting research on IS could benefit society,
    • limitations
      • validity can be questioned as infants often wave and move their hands so we dont know whethere theyre engaging in IS or reciprocity.
      • possibility of observer bias and kopke et all failed to replicate findings of M&M suggests results are unreliable.
      • research into mother-infant interactions may be socially sensitive as it suggests that children may be disadvantaged by particular child rearing practices.


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