Psychological Therapies CBT

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  • CBT
    • AO1
      • Patients trace origins of symptoms to understand how they might have developed
      • They then evaluate the content of delusions /+ hallucinations.
      • Outcome studies show that patients receiving CBT experience fewer hallucinations and delusions than those on medication
      • Patients allowed to develop own alternatives to maladaptive beliefs
      • Lower patient drop-out rates and greater patient satisfaction with CBT than anti-psychotic medication
    • AO2
      • Effectiveness - meta-analysis found significant decreases in positive symptoms after CBT treatment
      • Most CBT studies also involve anti-psychotic medication, therefore difficult to assess effects of CBT alone
      • CBT works by generating less distressing explanations for psychotic experiences rather than trying to eliminate them.
      • Psychiatrists believe that older patients are less likely to benefit from CBT
      • Ethical issues arise in placebo conditions where patients are denied effective treatment
  • Patients trace origins of symptoms to understand how they might have developed

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