Psychological Continuity or Correctedness

From Body, Soul and Personal Identity

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  • Psychological continuity/ connectednes
    • 'Sameness of consciousness'
      • John Locke thought personal identity consisted of neither body or soul sameness but sameness of consciousness
      • He said consciousness creates personal identity and is enclosed in a spiritual substance
      • Therefore a difference between a human and human personal identity
      • An individual should remember enough of their past states of consciousnes and it is this awareness of self that is PI
      • An individual can have diff. bodies but still have continuity
        • Consciousnes can be transferred from one soul to another and PI goes with it
      • E.g = The Prince and The Cobbler
        • This would support reincarnation rebirth
    • Scientific theories of conscious
      • Hameroff and Penrose' research supports survival of consciousnes
      • Penrose = essentially non-algorithmic element to human thought because humans are capable of independent thought
        • It is quantam effects in the brain that are the source of our feelings etc
      • H & P = conclude that consciousnes is not the product of direct brain activity
      • Arises from tube-like structures made of proteins that exist in all cells of the body
      • Microtubules are site of the quantum processes in the brain
      • Significance of research = suggestion that when the body is under threat of death microtubules able to leave so C survives
      • If death does not occur then they return to the brain and the individual may have memory of being in another place
      • No suggestion as to how long they could live outside the brain
    • Criticism
      • The microtubules exist throughout the whole body not just the brain
      • Drugs exist that damage them but appear to leave conscience unharmed
      • John Eccles=unity of conscience is provided by mind and not neural machinery of brain


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