Psychodynamic summary

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  • Created by: rachel
  • Created on: 13-03-13 16:20
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  • Psychodynamic summary
    • Assumptions
      • Individuals abnormal behaviour determined by underlying psychological conflicts - largely unaware of these
      • Freud was first to propose psychological causes for mental illness.
    • Abnormality caused by unconscious psychological factors.
      • Unresolved conflicts between id, ego & superego result in ego defences which may be expressed as a mental disorder if used excessively.
        • E.g. repression - putting unpleasant thoughts in the unconscience.
      • Early experiences e.g. traumas can lead to later disorders.
      • Behaviour = unconscious motivated.
    • Limitations
      • Abstract concepts e.g. id, ego & superego are difficult to define & research.
      • Sexism - theory less well developed for women because of historical background.
      • Difficult to prove or disprove theory. & theory lends itself to turning apparent disproof into support because of the action of defence mechanisms.
    • Case studies
      • Anna O
      • Little hans
    • Treatments
      • Pscyoanalysis
        • Seeks to recover repressed memories or unresolved conflicts
        • Techniques: Freee association, therapist interpritation & working through
        • Strengths
          • Bergin analysed 10,000 records - 80% success.
          • Longer treatments have a better outcome (tschuschke et al)
        • Limitations
          • Based on psychoanalytic- theory but the theory is flawed.
          • Fails to acknowledge individual differences - imposes same theory on all.
          • Repressed memories are likely to be fake (Loftus)


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