Psychodynamic Approach to Abnormality

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  • Created by: Rosanna
  • Created on: 01-06-13 11:34
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  • Psychodynamic Approach
    • AO3
      • Reductionist because it only argues that unconscious thoughts cause abnormality
      • Lacks population validity because an experiment carried out on a 5 year old cannot be generalised
      • Untestable, as you cannot see a personality and it cannot be falsified
    • AO2
      • Little Hans; 5 year old boy who developed a fear of horses
        • Due to a fear of his father castrating him, created a fear of a horse biting him
          • Reflective of the phallic stage
            • Freud the told his father to identify with Hans, the phobia disappeared once he had done this
    • AO1
      • All behaviour is controlled by the unconscious mind
        • Abnormality is caused by unconscious thoughts and childhood experiences
          • ID; if becomes too dominant the individual may become selfish - develop SZ
            • Super ego; if becomes too dominant the individual will always try to please - develop AN
              • Ego; needs to be strong otherwise the ID or the super ego will dominate
  • AO1
    • All behaviour is controlled by the unconscious mind
      • Abnormality is caused by unconscious thoughts and childhood experiences
        • ID; if becomes too dominant the individual may become selfish - develop SZ
          • Super ego; if becomes too dominant the individual will always try to please - develop AN
            • Ego; needs to be strong otherwise the ID or the super ego will dominate
  • 5 Psycho Sexual Stages
    • Oral; 0-18 month year olds, focuses on the mouth
      • Anal; 18-36moth year olds, focusing on potty training
        • Phallic; 3-5 year olds, focuses on the penis, of foxatescouldlead tophobias
          • Both Latent & Genital stage have no effect if everything is normal in the previous stages the child will develop normally
  • AO2
    • Little Hans; 5 year old boy who developed a fear of horses
      • Due to a fear of his father castrating him, created a fear of a horse biting him
        • Reflective of the phallic stage
          • Freud the told his father to identify with Hans, the phobia disappeared once he had done this
  • AO3
    • Reductionist because it only argues that unconscious thoughts cause abnormality
    • Lacks population validity because an experiment carried out on a 5 year old cannot be generalised
    • Untestable, as you cannot see a personality and it cannot be falsified

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