AQA Psychology Unit 1 Psychodynamic Approach 1

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  • Created by: chapa
  • Created on: 21-05-13 22:16
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  • Psychodynamic
    • Assumptions
      • Unconscious processes determine our behaviour
      • Free will is  a delusion
        • The way we act have little to do with conscious thoughts
      • Early choildhood experiences affect our adult personality
      • Ego has defence mechanisms to defend itself from harmful unconscious thoughts
        • Psychosexual Stages
          • 1. Oral
            • Mouth
              • Pleasure -Breast feeding
            • Birth - 1yr
            • Fixation - chewing pens/smoking
          • 2. Anal
            • Potty training
            • Pleasure -With-holding/expelling faeces
          • 3. Phallic
            • 4-5yrs
            • Pleasure  - penis/clitoris + masturbation
            • Vanity
            • Oedipus/Elektra complex develops
          • 4. Latent
    • Structure of the mind
      • Conscious
        • We are aware of this
        • Small amount of mental activity going on
      • Preconscious
        • Things we could be aware of if we wanted
        • Not directly aware
      • Unconscious
        • Can't become aware of
          • Deep under  conscious mind
        • Traumatic events pushed here from concsious mind
    • Structure of personality
      • Id
        • Demands, instincts
      • Superego
        • Learning  "right" or "wrong"
        • Develops during phallic stage
    • Defence Mechanisms
      • Displacement
        • Transferring impulses to neutral target
      • Denial
        • Refusing to acknowledge impules
      • Reaction Formation
        • Behaving in ways opposite to impulses
      • Projection
        • Projecting impulses to someon
      • Rationalisation
        • Remocving emotion through analysis
  • 2-3yrs
    • 2. Anal
      • Potty training
      • Pleasure -With-holding/expelling faeces

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