Psychodynamic Psychology

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  • Created by: Leigh98
  • Created on: 20-05-16 20:00
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  • Psychodynamic Psychology - all behaviour can be explained in terms of inner conflicts in the mind
    • Key Terms
      • Conscious - all information that we are aware of in our brains
      • Pre-Conscious - where information is kept until it is decided if it is threatening to conscious thought
      • Unconscious - the information the conscious cannot deal with (sexual/violent nature)
      • ID - demands instant gratification EGO - reality principle, controls desire of id SUPER EGO - morality principle, right and wrong
      • Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development - ORAL, ANAL, PHALLIC, LATENCY, GENITAL
      • Defensive Mechanisms - protect ego from threat, REPRESSIONPROJECTIONDENIAL DISPLACEMENT
    • Methodology
      • Case Studies - detailed study of one person or small group
        • Can be longitudinal - over a long period of time, or cross sectional - group of different individuals studied at the same time
    • Psychosexual Stages
      • Freud believed that children develop through these 5 different stages
        • Anal Stage, Oral Stage, Phallic Stage, Latency Stage and Genital Stage
    • Gender Development
      • In the Phallic stage, around the age of 5 or 6, boys experience the OEDIPUS COMPLEX and girls the ELECTRA COMPLEX
    • Studies
      • Little Hans (1909) aim: to report the findings of the treatment of a 5-year-old boy for his phobia of horses
      • Axline - Dibs (1964) aim: to unlock the deep rooted problem with was underpinning Dibs' 'abnormal' behaviour
    • Key Issue
      • 'Is psychoanalysis' effective in the treatment of both 'normal' and 'abnormal' clients?
    • Practical
      • To investigate is there is 'a relationship between gullibility and sarcasm'

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