Protein Coding

Mindmap for protein coding that I hope can help!

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  • Protein Coding
    • Genes code for proteins (polypeptides)
      • Genes contain the instructions on how to make them
      • Genes in eukaryotic DNA contain sections that don't code for amino acids
        • These sections are called introns
          • All the bits that  do code for amino acids are called exons
          • Introns are removed during protein synthesis
        • Eukaryotic DNA also contains regions of multiple repeats outside of genese
          • These are DNA sequences that repeats over and over
            • These areas don't coe for amino acids either
            • E.G. CCTTCCTTCCTT
    • Proteins are made from amino acids
      • Genes code for proteins (polypeptides)
        • Genes contain the instructions on how to make them
        • Genes in eukaryotic DNA contain sections that don't code for amino acids
          • These sections are called introns
            • All the bits that  do code for amino acids are called exons
            • Introns are removed during protein synthesis
          • Eukaryotic DNA also contains regions of multiple repeats outside of genese
            • These are DNA sequences that repeats over and over
              • These areas don't coe for amino acids either
              • E.G. CCTTCCTTCCTT
    • Different proteins have a different number and order of amino acids
      • Proteins are made from amino acids
        • It's the order of nucleotide bases in a gene that determine the order of amino acids
          • Each amino acid is coded for by a sequence of 3 bases (a triplet
            • Different sequences of bases code for different amino acids

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