Proportionalism

Proportionalism - Bernard Hoose

  • Background
  • Overview
  • Distictions: pre-moral evil; ontic evil; immoral; right act; good act
  • As a hybrid of Natural Moral Law
  • Based on agape
  • Application: capital punishment; immigration
  • Created by: Sara3105
  • Created on: 20-01-19 13:44
View mindmap
  • Proportionalism
    • Background
      • 1960s
      • Hoose
      • Arose from an increasing concern among some theologians
        • Catholic ethic was too rigid
          • McCormick
            • "...disowned an excessively casuistic approach to the moral life."
      • McCormick
        • "...disowned an excessively casuistic approach to the moral life."
      • Condemned by the Catholic Church
      • Somewhat visible in Aquinas' work
      • Based on agape
    • Overview
      • Some moral rules you should never go against; unless there is a proportionate reason to
        • Stabbing someone is wrong because it breaks the primary precept of preserving life but if it is in self defence it is okay
      • Hoose
        • "It is never right to go against a principle unless there is a proportionate which would justify it."
          • Some moral rules you should never go against; unless there is a proportionate reason to
            • Stabbing someone is wrong because it breaks the primary precept of preserving life but if it is in self defence it is okay
      • Proportionate Reason
        • In order to decide whether an act is right or wrong to go against the theological moral rule; the intention, the situation and the consequence of the moral agent has to be considered
    • Distinctions
      • Pre-moral evil
        • An act that is bad in itself but is for the greater good
          • A surgeon cutting someone open to save their life
      • Ontic evil
        • The belief that there is a lack of order in the world due to the fall of Adam and Eve
          • Shooting a gunman, who is trying to break into a school to kill students
      • Immoral act
        • Breaking a moral rule without any reason to
          • Murdering a child walking down the street
      • Right act
        • Not a good act but is the lesser of two evils
          • Killing Hitler in order to save millions of Jews
    • Hybrid of NML
      • Teleological
        • Right and wrong should be judged by the end outcome
      • Deontologiical
        • The action should be only morally judged
    • Application
      • Capital Punishment
        • Situation: woman murdered 30 people out of pleasure
          • Morality: capital punishment is bad
            • Value: stops her murdering more people
              • Disvalue: murdering the murderer
                • Conclusion: it is okay to use capital punishment because it is for the greater good
      • Immigration
        • Situation: a poor country has to decide whether to help hundreds of immigrants
          • Morality: helping others is a good act
            • Value: immigrants may bring war to the poor country putting the citizens in danger
              • Disvalue: the immigrants need help - they are dying
                • Conclusion: the country helped the immigrants

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »