Prohibition

The causes and effects.

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  • Created by: Nika Nerd
  • Created on: 24-03-14 20:00
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  • Prohibition
    • The 'noble experiment'
    • Valstead act
      • 18th Amendment of the United States constitution
      • Introduced in 1920
      • Banned manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol
      • Federal gov had power to enforce this law
    • Introduced because of..
      • Already existed in 'Bible belt'
      • Moral reasons
      • Campaigners
        • Anti- Saloon League
        • Women's Christian Temperance Union
      • Men drinking their troubles away after WW1
    • Effects
      • Speakeasies
        • Secret saloon bars opened in cellars/ backrooms
        • Had names like the 'Dizzy Club'/ 'Kit Kat Club'
        • Drinkers often had to say password/ secret knock to get in
        • Sold 'bootleg' alcohol, smuggled in from abroad
        • Bars in NYC
          • Before Prohibition- 15,000
          • 1926-30,000
      • Moonshine
        • Spirit made secretly in home stills
        • Several hundred died from it during the 1920s
        • 1929- 700 million gallons produced
      • 'Bootleggers'
        • Alcohol smugglers
        • USA has 1000s of miles of frontier- easy
        • William McCoy made millions
      • Organised Crime
        • Enormous profits attracted gangsters
          • Started to take control of many cities
        • Bribed police, judges and polititions
        • Controlled speakeasies and distilleries
        • Eliminated rivals
      • Al Capone
        • 1927- earning $60 million a year from bootlegging
        • Gang of 700
        • Responsible for over 500 murders
        • St Valentines Day Massacre
          • 14th Feb 1929
          • His men dressed as police officers and murdered 7 members of a rival gang
        • Sentenced to 10 years on Alcatraz for tax evasion

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