AQA History GCSE - Prohibition

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  • Prohibition
    • What was prohibition?
      • the banning of selling, producing and transporting of alcoholic liquor (not the consumption)
    • Why did some people want Prohibition?
      • Anti Saloon League and Women's Christian Temperance Union supported it
      • Alcohol was blamed for breaking up families, causing ill-health and causing unemployment
      • Alcohol caused immoral behaviour
      • Most breweries owned by German's - after the war campaigners claimed it would be patriotic to close down their industry
    • What problems did Prohibition cause?
      • Organised crime:- led to prostitution, drugs and gambling
        • Gangsters fought to control the business (Valentines Day Massacre)
      • It turned ordinary people into criminals - people prepared to break the law to continue drinking
      • Led  to illegally made alcohol - moonshine, which could be lethal
      • Speakeasies developed (illegal drinking clubs)
      • Bootleggers would smuggle alcohol into the USA from Canada
    • Why was it abolished?
      • Police reluctant to enforce law and were open to bribes (In Chicago, the Mayor was known as an associate of the gangsters)
      • Al Capone said to have earnt $100,000 a year through supplying the demand of alcohol.
      • Public demand for alcohol
      • Prohibition led to corruption
  • What was prohibition?
    • the banning of selling, producing and transporting of alcoholic liquor (not the consumption)

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