Process of Language Change

Map and explanations of different factors and processes which influence and impact on the ways in which language can develop and change. 

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Process of Change
    • Blurring of the class structure
      • Post war: - All men fought together no matter what social class - all women started work.
      • Decline of Deference - where one respects one's elders. Instead emerged respect for individuality
      • Rise of the middle class, blurs the boundaries between the dictions of the upper and working classes. Standardization and decline of RP.
    • Education
      • Broadening availability of education for all - greater competency of literacy and state schools bringing children from different social classes together.
      • University has become less elitist (4% went in the 1920/30s, 35% go nowadays) - Brings together people from different areas - dialects. Merging of social classes.
    • Introduction of public broadcasting
      • In 1922, the BBC set out the exemplify 'correctness' by only broadcasting formal speech with and upper class dialect.
        • Rise of the middle class, blurs the boundaries between the dictions of the upper and working classes. Standardization and decline of RP.
      • Later introduction of Television in the 1950s brought about a rise in broadcasted local dialects. Whilst trying to uphold RP through the 60s and 70s, this declined recently.
    • Popular Youth Culture
      • 'Teenagers' as a social group did not exist pre-1950s. Childhood went straight to adulthood with people going to work at 14 years old.
      • Modern 'baby boom' and change in education laws meaning affluent 14-18 year olds. Popular culture aimed at this group, e.g. music
      • Liverpudlian  regional accent became fashionable amongst youths during The Beatles era - impacting dialect and language.
      • Teenagers more open to change and fashions than older people. Dialects and linguistic features picked up at this age are likely to stick.
      • Some say teenage language is a decline in standards, or 'sloppy'. They might argue it's a progression and a more comfortable form of speech.
    • Proliferation of film and video
      • Film acquiring sound in 1927 - public first being exposed to American accents
      • US speech became fashionable. Less social stigma surrounding the short 'a' sound which is common in the north of England.
      • American Influence - not as large as some say, often exaggerated by those who disapprove of change. Many 'Americanisms' originate from 17th century British, 'gotten' for example.
    • Decline of rural dialect and the rise in urbanisation
      • After the Industrial revolution, more people live and work in the city, with less extended families living together in the country. Resulting in a decline of rural dialects.
    • Global Communications
      • Introduction and progression of new technologies has connected people from afar. ('tele' in telephone and telegram - from Greek 'far')
      • Language had to adapt to new discourses from new technologies, e.g e-mail structure.
      • Medium such as e-mail has own distinct language rules, informal lexis, symbol emoticons and tolerance of spelling errors.
      • Globally recognized terms emerging from common technologies. 'Net' referring to the Internet - a multi-lingual term.


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »