problems 2

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  • Problems faced by the Weimar Republic (1918-1923)
    • Political Violence
      • Extreme Left Wing Parties
        • The Spartacist League - A Communist group who did not trust the government and did not think it would improve worker's lifes
          • The Spartacist Revolt- They tried to turn the workers' protest into a revolution but they did not have enough support.
            • The German army and the Freikorps stopped the uprising and 100 workers were killed.
        • The Communist Party - German workers who were angry about bad pay & conditions, they wanted more rights.
          • The Red Rising in the Ruhr- A communist 'Red Army' of 50,000 workers occupied the Ruhr and took control of raw materials.
            • The German army and the Freikorps stopped the uprising and 1000 workers were killed.
      • Extreme Right Wing Parties
        • The Nazi Party - Led by Adolf Hitler. They believed that democratic government was weak and wanted one political party and leader.
        • The Freikorps-anti-communist, nationalist ex-soldiers. They helped the army against communist uprisings
          • The Kapp Putsch - As the government disbaned the Freikorps, 12000 Freikorps marched into Berlin to overthrow the governmen.t
            • They got into Berlin. However, Berlin workers protested against them and stopped work.This made it impossible to rule, they flew after four days and the government returned to power.
    • Invasion of the Ruhr
      • Germany was struggling to pay reparations which led to the French invading the Ruhr in January 1923 - they took was was owed to them in the form of mines factories and railways
        • In response, the German government told their works to go on strike leading to passive resistance - they paid the workers even though there was no money coming into the economy from selling goods and raw materials - this contributed to hyperinflation
      • In response, the German government told their works to go on strike leading to passive resistance - they paid the workers even though there was no money coming into the economy from selling goods and raw materials - this contributed to hyperinflation
      • Hyperinflation
        • - The German government runs out of money
          • - It prints more money to pay workers and repay its debts
            • People don't trust the money and they spend it quickly
              • Shops and suppliers put up prices - people have to be paid more and the government needs more money
                • Prices rise at an incredible rate e.g. 1 stamp costs 1 mark in 1919 and 1 stamp no costs 22 million marks in 1923
        • Impact of hyperinflation
          • Farmers did not want to sell their food for worthless money so there were major food shortages
          • Some people died from starvation and others turned to crime
          • People who were saving carefully for years, their money became worthless
          • People in debt gained because their loans were worth much less than they had been

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