Problem Solving

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Anj_
  • Created on: 14-05-15 11:10
View mindmap
  • Problem Solving
    • verbal protocol analysis - thinking out loud
      • slows down response times as two tasks are being done at the same time
    • 1.The Gestalt Account
      • Mental set - when you keep using old strategies instead of finding a simpler way
        • hinder problem solving
      • functional fixedness - the inability to think up a novel use for a familiar object
        • hinder problem solving
        • DUNCKER (1945): Candle Problem
          • room with corkboard, 2 matchboxes, matches, a candle and drawing pins
      • Impasse - when problem solving, we encounter a mental wall
        • stops progress
          • incubation can break impasse
      • incubation - taking a break from a problem
        • helps progress
          • incubation can break impasse
    • 2. The Behaviourist Account
      • THORNDIKE (1911)
    • 3. Information Processing Account
      • NEWALL & SIMON (1972)
        • Identify all options>>  assess them>> select which will work
          • a.k.a Define state space - all possible options >> search through to find best method
            • towers of hanoi

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Problem solving resources »