The problem of evil

View mindmap
  • Types of evil
    • Problem of evil
      • Inconsistent triad
      • Iraneaus
        • Making bad choices (moral evil) necessary for spiritual growth of imperfect beings
          • Criticism: does all suffering develop humans?
        • "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." - Genesis 1:26
        • "How if we had no knowledge of the contrary, could we have instruction in that which is good?"
        • Soul-making theodicy
      • Augustine
        • Salvation is possible owing to the sacrifice of Christ
        • Evil = result of misuse of free will
        • Evil = privation of good
        • Sin = falling short of the mark
        • "God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good." Genesis 1:31
        • Natural and moral evil "seminally present" in Adam
      • John Hick
        • Epistemic distance - enables freedom
        • Heaven is the justification of all the suffering, and we go there when we are developed enough
          • Universalism
            • Does this make sense? What is the motivation to live a good life?
        • This world is a "vale of soul making"
    • Moral evil (result of free will)
    • Natural evil (result of sin)

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