Problem of Evil

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: TomOsh15
  • Created on: 28-02-16 17:10
View mindmap
  • Problem of evil
    • the problem of evil is the problem of suffering.
      • J.L Mackie
        • Inconsistent Triad is a theory in which neither God's Omnipotence, God's Omni- benevolence and evil can exist in tandem.
          • "The conjunction of any two leads to the negation of the third".
    • Natural and moral evil
      • Natural evil is going wrong of the natural world (i.e.  Tsunami's, earthquakes etc)
      • Moral evil is evil brought on by human action (i.e. War)
    • Augustinian Theodicy
      • Augustine took a very literal view of the bible. Hence he believed that God created Earth.
        • Augustine also believed that the world was created perfectly.
          • Friedrich Schleiermacher
            • "How can a perfectly created world go wrong?"
      • In Augustine's mind evil only occurs when beings with freewill disobey God. (beings with free will in this case are angels and humans).
        • Humans stopped doing what we were created for, this therefore lead to 'The Fall", this brought with it the two types of evil.
          • In the bible this  is depicted in the story of Adam and Eve.
            • Augustine believed that Adam's sin was passed onto all humans because we were 'Seminally present'.
              • Adam's sin is known as the original sin
      • Evil is not something God created. Evil is the going wrong wrong of something which is inherently good.
        • Hence Augustine labelled evil as the privation of good.
      • If God was truly just we would all go to ho hell for our sins.
        • However due to God's Omni-Benevolence he sent Jesus down to die as a sacrifice.
          • Anyone who believed in God after this point could be saved.
    • Irenean Theodicy
      • Humanity are the children of God
        • We are created in the image of God so that over our life time we can attain the likeness of God.
          • To attain the true likeness of God a level of cooperation is required henceforth we were given freewill.
          • God created a world that was "The best for growth and development of people".
          • According to John Hick we could not have been created perfectly because we would automatically love God. This would remove our freewill; Hick called this the Goodness of Robots.
      • God has stood back and let humanity exercise their freewill for Good or Evil because if God that freedom would've been lost.
      • Humans were created from an epistemic distance from God. This is so that we have choice when it comes to believing and obeying God.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »