Deprivation

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  • Created by: Danni
  • Created on: 03-12-12 14:50
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  • Deprivation
    • Short-term consequences
      • Separated from carer for short time e.g. hospitalisation/ holiday
      • Robertson + Bowlby (1952)
        • 1. Protest: immediate acute distress + crying on separation
        • 2. Despair: unhappy + cries quietly
        • 3. Detachment: apparent recovery - rejects carer on return
        • Replicated many times
        • Significant implications for healthcare professionals
        • Well-documented description - how cope with distressing circumstances
      • Children 7 months - 3 years = most vulnerable
        • Schaffer (1996) - characteristics predisposing  children to suffer
          • male (early childhood) / female (early adolescence)
          • suffers repeated separations
          • history family conflict
          • 'difficult' temperament
    • Long-term consequences
      • Bowlby  (1953) - maternal deprivation hypothesis: negative developmental + cognitive consequences if deprivation when 1st attachments = formed
        • Attachments = formed 6-36 months - impairments in ability to form later relationships
      • Common separation: divorce
        • Studies of children with divorced parents - negative life outcomes e.g. lower academic achievement + delinquency
          • Data = correlational - doesn't show that separation following divorce causes negative effects
      • Schaffer (1996) - factors to reduce effects of separation:
        • Regular contact with absent parent
        • Stable parent
        • Reduced parental conflict
        • Avoidance of further disruption e.g. moving schools

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