Private Nuisance

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  • Private nuisance
    • definition
      • 'unlawful interference with a person's use or enjoyment of land'
      • must be indirect, otherwise it's tresspass
      • focus is on reasonableness of interference not if d took reasonable care
        • Cambridge water v eastern counties leather 1994
    • 1; an unreasonable use of land
      • locality
        • is nuisance reasonable for that type of area
        • Leeman v Montague 1936
        • St Helens Smelting v Tipping 1865
      • duration
        • the longer it goes on the more likely it is to be a nuisance
        • De Keyser royal hotel v Spicer Bros 1914
        • crown river cruises v Kimbolton fireworks 1996
      • seriousness
        • differentiate between inconvenience and extreme/ excessive
        • Leeman v Montague 1936
        • abnormal sensitivity is ignored
          • Heath v Mayor of Brighton 1908
      • motive and malice
        • where d is motivated by malice, d cannot argue c is unusually  sensitive
        • Christie v Davey 1893
    • 2; leading to an indirect interference
      • eg fumes, loud noises vibrations, pollution
      • Leeman v Montague 1936
    • 3; with the claimants use or enjoyment of land
      • Leeman v Montague 1936
      • St Helens Smelting v Tipping 1865
      • not allowed for recreational activities
        • Hunter v Canary Wharf 1997
    • defences
      • statutory authority
        • Hammersmithand city railway v Brand 1869
      • Planning permission
        • Gillingham 1993
      • Prescription (tolerated for 20+ years)
        • Sturges v Bridgman 1879
        • Coventry v Lawrence 2014
      • consent
        • Kiddle v City Business 1942
      • coming to the nuisance is not a defence
        • Lawrence v Fen tigers 2014
        • Miller v Jackson 1977
    • remedies
      • damages
        • Wagon mound no1
        • Miller v Jackson 1977
      • injunctions
        • kennaway v Thompson 1981
        • Miller v Jackson 1977
      • abatement
        • Lemmon v Webb 1894

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