Prison Reform

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  • PRISON REFORM
    • PRISONS IN 18TH CENTURY (1750-1820)
      • Cramped conditions - disease spread easily
      • SCHOOL OF CRIME
      • Men, women and children in the same cells - rape and prison babies
      • Luxuries could be paid for e.g. alcohol/tobacco
      • Rich prisoners benefitied - could pay for prostitues and gambling
    • REFORMERS
      • ELIZABETH FRY
        • Aimed to improve conditions in prisons for women
        • 1817 - Formed the 'Association for the improvement of Female prisons' in Newgate and other prisons
          • Rules for women to obey in prison
          • Female warders
          • Clothing and furniture provided
          • Schools for women and children focussing on religious education
          • Regular work for women in prison
          • 1823 - Compulsory to have women warders, 1835 - inspectors employed to supervise conditions in gaols, 1853 - Brixton prison opened solely for women
      • JOHN HOWARD
        • Published book; 'State of the prisons in England and Wales' in 1777
          • Highlighted the dangers of prison and the conditons
        • REFORM WANTED
          • Running water
          • Clean and hygienic conditions
          • Medical treatment avaliable
          • Prisoners to work hard
    • PRISONS AFTER REFORM IN 19TH CENTURY (1820-1900)
      • POSITIVE CHANGES
        • 1838 - Pankhurst prisons solely for children/ Borstals to stop school of crime
        • Useful work - e.g. making boots - gave prisoners skills they could use when released
        • Separate system - got rid of school of crime and reduced rape/prison babies
        • More hygienic conditions - John Howard
      • NEGATIVE CHANGES
        • Pointless work - e.g. the crank - drove people insane
        • Silent system - stripped people of identity so high insanity and suicide rates
        • Bread and water diets
        • Untitled

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