Commercial Printing Methods

The 5 commercial printing methods for GCSE Graphics.

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  • Printing Methods
    • Offset Lithography and Lithography
      • Used to print magazines, books, newspapers and packaging.
      • Lithography uses an oil based ink and water and works on the principals that oil and water don't mix.
      • Offset Lithography is when then image is printed onto rubber cylinder which transfers the ink onto paper.
      • Untitled
    • Flexography
      • Uses rubber plates and has the same process as offset lithography
      • Can print onto uneven survaces
      • Quicker than lithography
      • used for large print runs of over 5000.
      • Used for packaging, carrier bags and wallpaper.
    • Screen Printing
      • Can print on to various surfaces including paper, card and fabric
      • A silk screen is used with a stencil on, paint is then applied to transfer the image.
      • Low cost process
      • ideal for short runs of up to a few hundred copies where fine detail is not needed.
      • Great for printing posters, T-shirts and estate agent signs.
    • Gravure
      • Used to print magazines stamps and photos in books.
      • Uses the colours cyan, magenta, yellow and key.
      • Uses a copper plate
      • Very high quality
      • Expensive to set up
      • Fast and for large print run of a million or more.
    • Laser Printing
      • A laser had a negative charge and stick to positive charged ink.
      • A roller puts the colour on.
      • Used for flyers, posters and digital prints.


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