Principel,s of training

View mindmap
  • Principles Of Training
    • Principles of training- guidelines that, if applied, ensure that training is effective and results in adaptations to your body.
    • Reversibility- this means that any Improvement that takes place as a consequence of training, will be reversed when you stop.
      • It does not make training effective because if you injure yourself, then come back, you have to train less and won't be able to train as hard, so reversibility will occur.
    • Overtraining- When you train too hard and don't give your body enough time to rest and recover between training sessions.
      • It makes training less effective and can cause injury and leads to obsession which affects mental health as well as physical.
    • Progressive Overload- Gradually increasing the intensity of training to ensure that adaptation adapt.
      • It ensures that performance continues to improve over time because the overload increases as there body adapts so your body is always being challenged.
        • The FITT principle should be used to ensure the PEP delivers progressive overload.
          • Frequency- how often training takes place per week.
          • Intensity- how hard the exercise is.
            • Karvonen Formula. Target Heart rate= ((MHR-RHR) X %Intensity) + RHR.
              • MHR= 220-AGE
              • Aerobic training target zone = 60-80%
              • Anaerobic training target zone = 80-90%
          • Time- The length of the session.
          • Type- The method of training used.
    • Specificity- Matching training to the requirements of an activity.
      • This makes sure you are focussing on the correct components of fitness of your sport and position.
    • Individual needs- This means meeting the needs of the individual to ensure they are appropriately challenged.
      • If the training is personalised it ensures that the performer makes progress and does not injure themselves or work too hard.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Fitness & training resources »