Types of pressure groups summary

Just a very brief summary that could possibly help with exam questions - knowledge of this is good for 25 mark introductions and possibly the Edexcel 5 mark questions on unit 1.

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  • Types of pressure groups
    • Insider groups
      • Consult regularly with government, ministers, decision makers, policy advisors etc.
      • Can also access European commission or European parliament if the EU is one of their priorities
      • Often have reps sitting on policy or advisory committees
      • e.g. BMA, BBA, NFU, RSPCA
      • Often use tactics like  lobbying ministers, having places on advisory committees etc.
      • local pressure groups have access to local authorities
    • Outsider groups
      • Do not consult with policy advisors, government, decision makers etc.
        • however, they can use petitions - could possibly influence decision makers
      • Often use tactics like: direct action, civil  disobedience, protests, media campaigns  and demon-strations
      • e.g. Greenpeace, F4J
    • Promotional or cause gorups
      • Generally disperse power
      • Aims to benefit the community
        • e.g. Greenpeace, ASH, Friends of the Earth
        • All members of the community are welcome to join
    • Interest or sectional groups
      • Generally concentrate power
      • Aims to benefit a section of society or workers in that sector
        • e.g. BMA - workers in medical professions, BBA - workers in the banking profession
      • Have narrow goals - only to benefit them or their members

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