American Civil Rights - African Americans - 1960s - Nixon's Presidency

  • Created by: JordanWr
  • Created on: 21-11-18 10:31
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  • President Nixon - A good President for African Americans?
    • Affirmative Action
      • To make Federal contractors hire a higher amount of ethnic minority workers.
        • From 4% to 26%
          • So Af. Amer. could have more of an equal chance competing White Americans for job oppourtnities
      • Built trade unions
        • New York
        • Pittsburgh
        • Detroit
      • Impacts
        • White trade union workers opposed - Felt the employment quotas were against them --> Less white people working
        • Opposition from black leaders - quotas slowed down the rate of change
        • 1971 - Grigg vs. Duke Power Company the Supreme Court favoured Affirmative Action
        • 1972 - Over 300,000 firms had taken the policy
    • Black Capitalism
      • Nixon believed welfare was negative because it created state dependency
        • 'Creeping socialism'
        • Capitalism was the best way to help African Americans out of poverty
        • Government's spending on Minority Business Enterprises went from $200 million to $472 million
      • Voting behvaiour
        • 1972 Election
          • African Americans still voted for the Democrats
            • Shows lack of support for Nixon
          • Supported by middle-class African Americans
      • Due to Economic fail, black people were 2x unemployed compared to Whites
        • For black youth it exceeded 30%
      • 1940 - 87% of Af-Amer. below the poverty line
        • 1960 - 50%
          • 1974 - 30%
    • School Desegregation
      • Nixon opposed desegregation to appeal to White voters
      • Until 1973, he blocked all court orders requiring 'bussing'
      • After the resignation of 125 people of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, he openly admitted in 1970 that he supported desegregation, but opposed 'bussing'
      • 1969 - 68% of African American children were attending segregated schools in the South. When he left office, the figure had dropped to 8%
    • Some Republicans thought he was being too sympathetic to the Civil Rights movement
      • Governor of California, Reagan, and Buchanan began to campaign to exterminate the influence of Liberals

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