De and À

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  • Prepositions: De and À
    • De and À
      • De means "of" or "from"
      • À means "at" or "to"
      • These may be used to indicate movement or location
    • Contractions
      • De and à must contract with definite articles wherever they are adjacent
      • De + definite article produces: du (de+le), de la (de + la), and des (de + les)
      • À + definite article produces: au (à + le), à la (à + la), and aux (à + les)
    • Euphony
      • If the contraction is followed by a vowel sound...
        • Du and de la both become de l’.
        • Au and à la both become à l’.
    • De may be found in numerous fixed expressions
      • E.g. "beaucoup de" > "a lot of"
    • Adding de or à to the end of certain verbs can change their meanings
      • E.g. Penser ("to think"), penser à ("to think about"), and penser de (“to have an opinion about”) 
    • Using articles after de
      • Articles adjacent to "de" have to follow contraction and elision rules
      • No article that already contains de may follow an expression, negative term or verb ending in de
        • The article is removed, and the "de" remains
    • Des before adjectives
      • When des appears immediately before an adjective, it changes to de


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